Features beneficial and unhealthy properties of peach
Sweet peach is one of the most popular fruits in the world. Its fruits are distinguished not only by their amazing taste, but also by their very useful composition. However, like any food product, in some cases it can be harmful. About what vitamins it contains, are there allergens or not, as well as possible contraindications, read on in the article.
The chemical composition of peach
Peach is a fruit with a rich chemical composition.
Did you know? Since 1982, in the USA, August has been called the national month of peaches.
The fruits contain:
- vitamin C;
- B and E vitamins;
- essential oils;
- organic acids.
Separately, scientists distinguish the composition of the peach kernel. It contains amygdalin and bitter almond oil.
The nutritional value and calorie content of peach
Peaches are low-calorie foods. In 100 g of the product, only 39 kcal.
BZHU product are as follows:
- proteins - 0.9 g;
- fats - 0.3 g;
- carbohydrates - 9.5 g.
Dried peach fruits are more caloric: 25 grams of calories are contained in 100 g of dried fruit.
Nutrients are distributed in this way:
- proteins - 3 g;
- fats - 0.4 g;
- carbohydrates - 57.7 g.
The beneficial and healing properties of peach
Peaches are important for humans, as they have a positive effect on the health of the body.
- The product has many advantages:
- treats gastrointestinal tract disorders;
- copes with constipation;
- has a diuretic effect;
- improves the cardiovascular system;
- affects the health of the liver as a prophylactic;
- promotes active brain activity;
- improves the functioning of the nervous system;
- strengthens the musculoskeletal system;
- acts as an antidepressant;
- is cancer prevention.
Separately, it is worth noting the positive qualities of the product for women, men and children.
Did you know? An ordinary peach is a hybrid cultigen, that is, a domesticated culture that has no analogues and ancestors in the wild.
Peaches are an indispensable product in a woman’s diet. The fruit improves the condition of the skin, makes it firmer and helps maintain youthfulness.
- During pregnancy, you should also not give up peaches, since the components in their composition:
- they are an effective prevention of anemia, which often develops in pregnant women;
- help get rid of the symptoms of toxicosis;
- restore the balance of micro and macro elements in the body of a future mother;
- effectively fight constipation, frequent in pregnant women.
When lactating in the post-Soviet territory, it is customary to adhere to the diet of a nursing mother, because of this, domestic pediatricians recommend limiting fruits in the diet. However, modern Western medicine does not consider a diet with breastfeeding appropriate. It is worth excluding a product from the diet only if the child has an allergic reaction.
- Fruit has a positive effect on the male body. Of the positive effects that he has:
- fight against impotence;
- increased libido;
- normalization of hormonal balance;
- auxiliary therapeutic effect in the treatment of prostatitis;
- quick recovery of the body after hard physical work.
When asked what month you can give peach puree, pediatricians answer unambiguously - from 7 months, that is, almost at the beginning of complementary foods.
Features of peaches
Nutritionists recommend consuming 1 medium-sized peach per day. This is the optimal amount for an adult. For children, the indicators are slightly different. Breastfeeding peach puree is introduced gradually, starting with 1-2 teaspoons. After the first use, it is necessary to monitor whether the fruit is an allergen for the child. If there is no negative reaction of the body, the product continues to be introduced into the diet, adding 1-2 teaspoons daily.
Important! The indicated norms are the total amount of fruit purees and juices. Adjust the amount of peach puree based on how many more fruit dishes are in the child’s diet.
By 8 months, an infant can be given 80 g of fruit puree per day. By the year, the norm is increased to 100 g per day. A child older than 1 year is better to give half the fruit a day. Starting from 1.5 years, the pulp is no longer ground in mashed potatoes, but give children peeled slices.
When fighting overweight, the number of peaches in the diet should be reduced - the product is rich in carbohydrates, which interferes with weight loss. It is undesirable to use it daily. Nutritionists recommend eating one fruit 3 times a week. The body will be fully saturated with nutrients, while weight will begin to decrease.
Harm and contraindications
With excessive use, the fruit in question can harm the human body.
So, among the possible harmful effects:
- increased acidity of the stomach;
- gastrointestinal tract disorders;
- increased blood sugar.
Important! In the presence of chronic diseases and possible contraindications, consult your doctor.
- The product is contraindicated or should be limited in the diet for a number of diseases, such as:
- intolerance to product components;
- gastritis with high acidity;
What areas is peach used in?
The main scope of the product is cooking. The fruits are consumed raw, dried on dried fruits, stewed from them, squeezed juices, canned and added to a variety of dishes.
However, cooking is not the only industry that uses peaches. They can be used in cosmetology and traditional medicine. So, cosmetologists suggest making face masks from peach pulp - the substance improves the condition of the skin and makes it more elastic. Due to the large number of vitamins and nutrients in the composition, naturopaths are also widely used.
Due to the juicy pulp, the fruits in question do not last longer than 2-3 weeks. To maximize shelf life, place the product in conditions with a temperature of + 2 ° C and a humidity of 80–90%. For storage, a department for vegetables in the refrigerator, a ventilated cellar or pantry are perfect. For longer storage, the fruits can be cut into slices or cubes and frozen.
When used correctly with an eye on contraindications, peach will only benefit a person. Pay attention to your diet and be sure to add this healthy fruit to it, if there is no reason not to eat it.