Features and characteristics of the apricot variety Success
Due to the selection work of specialists and gardeners, there is a huge variety of apricot varieties. This plant belongs to a subspecies of stone fruit and its closest relatives are cherry plum and plum. The Apricot variety Success is popular in the northern latitudes, but it can also be grown in the climatic conditions of the Moscow Region.
Success selection breeding history
The first domestic varieties, unpretentious to climatic conditions, were able to be selected by Professor Michurin in his nursery, which is located in the Voronezh region. Apricot variety Success is a mixture of pollen from these trees with the best European hardiness variety called Luise. Did you know? The first mention of apricot dates back to 4 thousand years BC. e. and Armenia is considered his homeland.
Description and characteristics of the variety
Variety Success is grown everywhere, but most often the plant can be found in regions with a cold climate, since other varieties do not withstand such conditions. The tree has a maximum height of 3 m, which is convenient when harvesting. Apricot Success has a small with sparse branches and a rounded crown.
The tree is characterized by low yields and low fruit transportability, but wood and buds are able to withstand low temperatures, which is the main reason for the wide distribution of such apricot.
The maximum yield is achieved after 6 years of growth and is 25–35 kg per tree. The plant is partially self-fertile, so the yield will be greater if there is a plum, cherry plum or apricot nearby. The fruits grow to 25 g, have a round shape with a thin, amber-yellow skin and a small burgundy blush. The pulp has insignificant fibers, dense and saturated with aromatic juice.
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Drought and frost resistance
Apricot Success is characterized by high resistance to droughts and low body temperatures. At the same time, it is not afraid of frost, both wood and flower buds at rest. They are able to withstand temperatures of -39.9 ° C under snow.
In severe frosts, first, oral and then flower buds are damaged. However, the danger for the tree is represented by frosts after a significant thaw, as well as a strong exposure to ultraviolet radiation in the winter.
Timing of flowering and ripening
Success begins to bear fruit apricot varieties, a maximum of 5 years after planting a two-year-old seedling. Flowering time depends on the region, it may be the end of April or May. Berries ripen in the medium term, often in early August. In the northern regions, trees can begin to bear fruit in late August or early September.
Disease and pest resistance
Variety Success is quite resistant to pests and diseases that most often affect this tree. Plants sometimes undergo moniliosis or fruit rot, claustosporiosis and cytosporosis. Mostly apricot diseases are fungal in nature. The main pests of the tree are weevil, plum moth, aphid and raspberry.
Apricot fruit Success is poorly transported and quickly deteriorates after damage. This is due to the thin and not strong peel, as well as a large amount of juice in the pulp. Despite this, the apricot is very soft and sweet, and also has a rich taste and aroma, so it makes excellent jam and jam.
Important! In success apricot fruits, the seeds are poorly separated from the pulp, so they are not suitable for drying, freezing and canning in their original form.
The main advantages and disadvantages of the variety Success
- Apricot Success is distinguished by a number of such positive qualities:
- rapid onset of fruiting;
- well suited for growing crops in cold regions;
- It has a pleasant taste and aroma;
- plant buds and wood are resistant to frost;
- low tree height simplifies harvesting;
- ripened berries keep perfectly on the branches.
- Variety Success has the following disadvantages:
- partial autonomy and the need for a nearby pollinator;
- low yield;
- poor fruit transportability.
Optimal conditions for growing
Improve the productivity of apricot varieties Success will help to choose the right place for planting with enough lighting and protection from the cold and winds that blow the snow cover. It is important that the soil is permeable to moisture and air, and also has a neutral pH. When the soil is acidic, it is important to add substances annually that neutralize the soil.
Did you know? Apricot was first brought to Europe from the East by Alexander the Great.
Basic rules for planting and care
It is very important to choose the right place for planting Success apricot. The most favorable will be a sunny and warm place. The tree must be protected from the cold northern winds, so it is planted on the southern slope surrounded by thick trees, a fence or the wall of the house. Seedlings are best purchased in the fall and stored until spring dug in a warm and dark place, better in the basement.
Young trees are planted in early spring before the onset of the movement of sap in a pre-prepared hole. The dimensions of the planting recess should be slightly larger than the root of the seedling, and the depth for a two-year plant is approximately 50 cm, and for a one-year plant - 30 cm.
First, in the landing pit, it is necessary to lay a nutrient mixture, which consists of peat, humus, sand and chernozem, which are taken in equal proportions. In addition, you can add about 400 g of artificial fertilizer, such as superphosphate and 4 l of wood ash.
Learn more about the features of planting and care for the apricot.
The first watering of the tree is carried out during its flowering. Then it is watered during the period of active growth of fruits and leaves, as well as after harvest. The amount of water depends on the size of the plant and should cover the ground around it and penetrate to a depth of 30-40 cm.
Young trees can be watered much more often because they have a less developed root system. After this, it is important to loosen the soil, as this will ensure that sufficient oxygen enters the soil.
Success apricot top dressing is carried out only after harvesting. Phosphorus and mineral fertilizers, such as superphosphate and supegro, are applied in the fall, 20-30 g / m² each, and nitrogen fertilizing should be applied in the same amount only in the spring. Artificial dry fertilizers are evenly scattered across the soil around the plant and after that the soil is dug up. Potash top dressing is used in early summer with a calculation of 20-30 ml / m².
Liquid organic top dressing is best done during the period of active fruit growth several times per season, adhering to an interval of at least 2 weeks. To prepare a concentrate of 2 liters of mullein, pour 10 liters of warm water and insist for a week. Before use, it is additionally diluted with water in a ratio of 1 to 10.
Important! The amount of fertilizer used must be calculated correctly so as not to harm the plants .
Success apricot is a stunted plant, so a crown shape in the form of a bowl is better for such a tree. This provides excellent penetration of light rays to leaves and pollen to flowers. The optimal time for pruning is winter or late autumn, when there is no movement of juice on the tree.
After collecting the fruit, the tree is fed with fertilizers with potassium and phosphorus. Also in autumn, apricot bark should be treated with a solution that destroys insects and pests. Cutting off unnecessary branches, forming a crown is also better before winter.
Disease and Pest Control Tips
- To prevent success apricot diseases, the following measures will help:
- proper soil fertilization;
- monitoring and maintaining proper nitrogen levels in the soil;
- weed control;
- timely trimming;
- removal of plant residues from the site.
Treatment of apricot with copper preparations will help to avoid damage to the tree. It must be carried out in late autumn or early spring. Fundazole, Previkur and Vitarox help protect against infectious diseases. These drugs can prevent fungal, viral, and bacterial infections of the tree. In addition, it is recommended to conduct a thorough sanitary pruning of the crown.
Learn more about apricot tree diseases and their treatment.
To combat aphids, it is necessary to poison garden ants every spring. Insecticides will help from the leaflet . One of the simplest recipes you can make at home is a soap solution. For its preparation 1 table. a spoonful of liquid soap is diluted in 1 liter of water and the tree is sprayed with this solution. Soap creates a film under which insects are not able to breathe and die quickly.
Apricot Success does not require special care and is not picky, so even a beginner gardener can grow it. Apricot Success is well suited for planting in a cold and moderately hot climate zone. The yield from the tree is insignificant, and the fruits are too soft, however, these shortcomings are compensated by frost resistance and resistance to diseases and pests.