Eggplant Ilya Muromets: variety description
Today, there are hundreds of varieties of eggplant, and some of them differ from the usual for us in both color and shape. Among the vegetables that are suitable for growing in our latitudes, you can name the eggplant varieties Ilya Muromets. Consider the features of its cultivation and other characteristics.
Description and characteristics of the variety Ilya Muromets
Eggplant Ilya Muromets was bred in Russia by Gavrish. Vegetables ripen about 115 days after germination. This variety is suitable for cultivation on open ground (mainly in the southern regions), in greenhouses or under film. The plant reaches a height of 70-100 cm and is medium-tall. The fruits are large, oblong, 35–40 cm long, up to 10 cm in diameter, weight can reach 500–700 g. They have a thin skin, no bitterness, and there are few seeds in the pulp.
Ilya Muromets is not a hybrid, so its seeds can be collected independently, while all the properties of this variety are preserved. To shorten the growing season, it is better to plant seedlings.
Did you know? From a botanical point of view, eggplant is a berry, but in the culinary field it is considered as a vegetable.
Preparing and caring for seedlings
Before planting seeds, you need to prepare containers with peat or soil mixed with compost. Seeds are previously recommended to be prepared for planting: in a fabric bag, lower the planting material for 15 minutes in a potassium permanganate solution. After that, they can be additionally treated with a growth stimulator (can be purchased at any specialized store).
The planting process is as follows:
- In the tanks for planting, furrows are made with a depth of about 1.5–2 cm at a distance of 5 cm from each other. Seeds are laid in the furrows and watered with warm water.
- The containers are placed in a warm, bright place and covered with a film that can be removed after the appearance of sprouts.
Important! It is recommended to plant eggplants in cloudy weather or in the evening, when seedlings are not threatened by direct sunlight.
Picked plants are watered when the top layer dries. Such seedlings can be planted in greenhouses in a week. And in the open ground - when the temperature at night will not be lower than + 15 ° C, that is, in late May or early June. A week before planting, it is necessary to temper the seedlings. You can take it to a balcony or other cooler place, but at the same time the temperature should not be lower than + 10 ° С.
Planting seedlings on beds
When planting eggplant in open ground, you need to consider the rules of crop rotation. This plant will feel good in the garden, if the predecessors were legumes, cabbage, cucumbers, pumpkin, squash, carrots. Planting these plants in the neighborhood is also possible. Do not grow eggplants in those places where solanaceous earlier grew: peppers, tomatoes, potatoes, etc.
A plant is planted vertically with a lump of earth or a peat pot in the resulting pit. The surface of the hole is mulched, i.e. sprinkled with dry humus, peat or straw to retain moisture. After a few days, the mulch is removed, the earth is loosened, after which the mulch is poured back. Thus, the roots gain access to air and do not dry out.
Did you know? 5 kg of eggplant contains a dose of nicotine equal to one smoked cigarette.
This variety of eggplant is unpretentious, therefore it does not require special care conditions. Conduct standard procedures for this type of plant: timely watering, loosening the soil, fertilizing, removing weeds.
This culture requires regular watering with warm water. After planting, plants are watered for the first time in 3-4 days. Further - 1 time per week until the flowering period. After that - 2 times a week. In this case, the water flow should be 10 liters per 1 m².
For the entire growing period, it is recommended to do 3 dressings. At the same time, they need to be done under the root. The first fertilizer should be applied 3 weeks after planting, but before flowering, the second - during the fruit growing season, and the third - during the harvest. Organic, mineral or complex fertilizers (ammonium nitrate, nitrophosphate, superphosphate) can be used.
Important! If you leave more ovaries, the ripened fruits will be smaller, and the ripening itself will last longer.
In order for the bush to receive a sufficient amount of light and form correctly, it is necessary to remove the lower leaves and shoots after planting before the first branching of the trunk. When ovaries appear, you need to leave 5-7 of the largest. All others are deleted.
Pests and diseases
This variety is resistant to fungal diseases and viruses, as well as diseases characteristic of solanaceous plants: late blight and powdery mildew. For prevention, you can treat the bushes with fungicidal solutions, for example, potassium polysulfide, before flowering. However, the plant may be affected by blackleg and root rot. This is more common for greenhouse plants due to excessive watering.
You will be interested to learn about the methods of combating ticks on eggplant.
To solve this problem, it is necessary to normalize humidity and temperature and get rid of the affected plants. On open ground, the main problem for eggplant is the Colorado potato beetle. Fortunately, the market offers many drugs to combat this insect: Prestige, Inta-vir, Karate. Manual collection of pests and their larvae from bushes, as well as dusting of plants with wood ash is also recommended.
Collection and storage
After flowering, the fruits can be harvested after 30–35 days. Gathering begins when vegetables reach the required sizes. It is better to pick vegetables when their skin is still shiny, because when it becomes dull, the taste of the fruit deteriorates. Eggplant should be cut from the bush, leaving a cup and a stalk of about 3 cm on it. Keep the crop in a dark, cool place.
Learn more about picking eggplants in a greenhouse.
The eggplant variety Ilya Muromets is a good option for growing: it is unpretentious, while pleasing summer residents with high productivity. Its fruits are widely used in cooking, they are well stored and long save their attractive appearance.