Eggplant Fabina: description and characteristics
Eggplant Fabina f1 refers to early ripening hybrids adapted to various microclimatic conditions. The vegetable feels great both in open and in closed ground. About the features of cultivation and the main characteristics of this variety of eggplant read below.
Description and characteristics of the variety
Fabin eggplant was bred in France about 20 years ago. Initially, eggplant of any kind was cultivated only in the southern regions of Russia. But over time, they began to grow in the central regions, and then in the north. In 2007, the state registry of the Russian Federation allowed the cultivar Fabin to be grown in the North Caucasus District.
Did you know? Only culinary specialists attribute eggplant to vegetable crops - according to the botanical classification, these fruits are berries. The described plants are of medium height (about 60 cm), sprawling, which allows them to be placed according to the 100 × 40 cm pattern. The main feature of this variety is the ability of the bush to withstand loads of up to 9 fruits without garters and additional supports. Shoots are covered with large green leaves with corrugated edges. Young plants do not tolerate sudden changes in temperature, so you need to plant seedlings in open ground, starting from May 25.
The flowers are large, bisexual, measuring 2.5–5 cm. They are located singly or form inflorescences, including from 2 to 7 flowers.
The fruits are large, elongated-cylindrical in shape. The length of the eggplant that has reached technical maturity can vary between 20–23 cm, less often 25 cm. The diameter of the fruit is 5–6 cm. The skin is dense, thin, purple in color, has a smooth structure, without hollows and tubercles. The flesh is white with a pale green tint. The structure of the pulp is dense, juicy.
The variety is genetically devoid of bitterness. The taste of the pulp is very tender, literally melts in the mouth. Fruits are characterized by good shelf life, up to 90%, and resistance to mechanical damage, which allows them to be transported over long distances.
The fruits are actively used in cooking, mass production of diet food and winter preparations, as well as in commercial activities.
The variety is resistant to verticillium wilt and spider mites, which greatly simplifies the cultivation and care. In the field, Fabina f1 bears fruit before the onset of frost.
An early ripe hybrid reaches technical maturity in 50 days, physical - in 70. Fruits that have reached a length of 10-15 cm are suitable for consumption: their flesh is more tender and juicy.
The total yield is 6 tons per 1 ha. Such a high level provides an extended fruiting period.
Did you know? Even with low calorie content, eggplant can replace meat in the human diet in terms of nutritional value and trace elements.
The highest variety performance is noted when growing by seedling method. Seeds are planted in a common container at a distance of 3-5 cm from each other. A mixture for seed germination is prepared from:
- 3 parts of garden soil;
- 2 parts of peat;
- 1 parts of sand.
An ideal place for growing eggplant is a plot protected from draft and wind, well lit by the sun. Best eggplant fruit on loamy and loamy soils.
Find out what to do if eggplant leaves are wilted.
Prepare the site in the fall. First, weeds are harvested, then digging is carried out to a depth of 20 cm and sprayed with a solution of copper sulfate. After a week, 10 kg of fresh manure is added per m² and dug again by 20 cm. In spring, a similar procedure is carried out, only copper sulfate is replaced by Fitosporin-M (the drug is diluted with water 1: 2 and infused for 1 hour), and instead of fresh manure is used rotted or dry. When transplanting, 1 tbsp is added to each well. l wood ash or 50 g of superphosphate.
Watering is carried out once a week for young plants and once every 10-12 days - for adults. In the stage of active fruiting, the irrigation intensity is again increased to 1 time per week. Water should be warm and not differ in temperature from the environment by more than 5 ° C. Watering is carried out under the root of a watering can with a long nose. Sprinkling this crop is contraindicated.
Important! Moisture on the leaves adversely affects the immunity of plants. Stagnation of moisture in the leaf sinuses leads to the appearance of rot on the shoots. Fertilizers are applied only 3 times throughout the season:
- 10 days after planting in a permanent place - 40 g of urea per 1 m² or 0.5 l of liquid mullein solution;
- 20 days after the first - 5 g of potassium salt and 40 g of superphosphate per 10 l of water;
- at the stage of fruit setting - a yeast solution (25 g of yeast per 10 l of water + 1 tbsp. l. sugar).
Diseases and Pests
Failure to comply with agricultural regulations leads to infection of the plant with the following fungal diseases:
- Phytophthora - progresses in conditions of high humidity. Removing the ailment will help removing 5 cm of soil and replacing it with a mixture of peat and sand (1: 1), removing the affected parts of the plant and treating it with a 3% solution of Bordeaux liquid 3 times with an interval of 20 days.
- White rot - affects the roots of young seedlings planted in cold soil. To save the plants, you need to remove the affected branches, leaves and dust the plants with a dry mixture of wood ash with “Fundazole” (1: 1). After 10 days, a 3% solution of Bordeaux fluid is treated.
- Anthracnose - transmitted when crop rotation is not observed. Processing plants with a 0.3% HOM solution will help save the plants.
- Colorado potato beetle - eliminated by several sprays with a solution of Aktara (8 g / 10 l of water);
- Medvedok - Medvetox is used against an insect (the substance must be buried 4 cm into the soil).
Collection and storage
Harvesting should begin when the fruits have reached technical maturity. They are cut with a sharp knife along with the stem. This approach allows you to make room for new ovaries and fully reveal the potential of plants in terms of yield. In the future, the fruits are harvested as they ripen, approximately every 10-14 days. Important! Overripe fruits accumulate solanine, so you should not leave them on branches for a long time: the use of such products can cause poisoning. Eggplant is not a vegetable crop for long-term storage - it is better to immediately send the fruits for processing. But if there are a lot of products, you can put them in a deep box with a loose layer and cover it with wood ash. In dry, cool rooms with a relative humidity of 50% and air temperature up to + 7 ° С they can be decomposed directly on the floor on straw. When using such methods, there are no guarantees that determine the duration of storage: vegetables can lie, without losing their qualities, for 2 weeks, and can keep them for 2 months. It is better to still prefer dry freezing or preservation, and store eggplant fresh for no longer than 2 weeks.