Description of Valentine's eggplant variety
Vegetable hybrids have always been higher and are not in vain in demand among gardeners. The Dutch eggplant variety Valentine was no exception. Consider what a hybrid of Valentine is, its characteristics, how to grow and care, collect and store.
This is an early ripe high-yielding hybrid, which is characterized by unpretentiousness and resistance to many diseases. In addition, the fruits have high palatability, do not accumulate a lot of solanine, which means that they are not bitter and are suitable even for eating raw.
Did you know? Eggplants were first cultivated in the territories of Central and South Asia, India in about the VI century. It is there that its wild species still grow.
Eggplant Story Valentine
Hybrid eggplant Valentine F1 was obtained by Monsanto (Netherlands). In 2007, he was included in the State Register of the Russian Federation. It is recommended for cultivation in sheltered soil throughout the Russian Federation, and has shown excellent performance in open beds in the southern regions, Moldova and Ukraine.
The first fruits are received on the 90th day from the appearance of seedlings. The yield from each m² of beds is 3.2 kg. And in sheltered ground, this figure is even higher due to a longer fruiting period.
It forms a semi-spreading bush of medium or high size 85–90 cm high with strong roots. The stalk is not thick, with a weak edge and short internodes. Rough leaves of usual medium size, green color with weak undulation and noticeable veins. Blooms with purple flowers.
They are tied with pear-shaped fruits with a dark purple glossy surface and a thin strong skin on a long stalk. They have a dense pulp of a light color and without bitterness. Everything else, it is almost seedless, tender and soft.
It can be used in diet food, has universal use. Fruits weigh on average 200–220 g and grow about 26 cm long and 5 cm in diameter.
The variety bears fruit even in cool and rainy weather, it has excellent resistance to tobacco mosaic and many other diseases characteristic of this culture.
Did you know? The blue ones contain chlorogenic acid, which is very useful for the cardiovascular system, which has oncoprotective, antidiabetic and anti-tuberculosis effects.
Hybrid Valentine is grown in seedlings, like all eggplants in Russia. Seeds are planted in early March from the calculations that seedlings will need to be planted in a permanent place at the age of 45–55 days from the appearance of seedlings. The soil on the beds at this time should warm up to + 18ºC.
In the first case, before planting, they are placed for a couple of days in a moistened cloth or napkin and kept at a temperature of + 25 ... + 26 ° С.
The root system of eggplant does not tolerate unnecessary transplants, so it is better to plant seeds in separate containers. Soil is easiest to buy ready-made in the store. If desired, you can make the nutrient mixture yourself for planting from 2 parts of humus, 1 part of turf (peat) and 1 part of sand.
Homemade soil must be decontaminated by baking in the oven. Then it is recommended to add fertilizers to it - 40 g of nitrofoska and a glass of ash in a 10-liter bucket of the mixture.
1-2 seeds are planted in each planting site in moderately moistened soil to a depth of 1-1.5 cm, covered with a film and placed in a warm dark place (+ 25 ... + 28 ° С). The soil is kept moist and after 10-15 days seedlings appear. Seedlings are transferred to a lit place a slightly less warm place with lowering night temperatures to +17 ... + 18 ° С.
Next, the seedlings are periodically watered with settled water. Sometimes Fundazol is added to it during watering for preventive purposes and fed.
Top dressing is done twice:
- In the stage of 2-3 sheets. Pour a solution of 5 g of urea and 30 g of superphosphate in a 10-liter bucket.
- 7 days before landing. It is best to use complex fertilizer "Kemira".
The garden is best prepared in the fall and add organic matter (manure, humus) when digging for the winter. If this was not done, then in the spring you can make rotted manure. Eggplants love nutritious light soils.
If the soils are heavy, then sand or sawdust is introduced into them. Before planting, it is possible to introduce complex mineral fertilizers into the soil (Kemira station wagon). The beds should be well lit.
Important! Eggplants do not plant on beds where solanaceous crops (eggplant, tomatoes, peppers, potatoes) grew earlier.
Plants are planted in holes at a distance of 30 cm from each other and between rows of 0.6 m.
After planting the eggplant in the beds, it is necessary to ensure proper care for them.
Heat-loving eggplant is poured with settled warm water under the root. The first watering is done only 5 days after planting seedlings. Then it is watered once a week, but when the fruits appear, it will have to be watered already twice a week.
Fertilize Valentine eggplant must be at least 2 times:
- 2 weeks after transplanting, it is recommended to feed with complex fertilizers (Kemira or Mortar).
- When the fruits began to be tied. Feed a solution of 25 g of superphosphate and 25 g of potassium salt in a 10-liter container.
Eggplant loves warmth. You need to sit in open ground only when the soil warms up to + 15 ° C, and the air temperature is + 18 ° C.
These vegetables do not tolerate low air temperatures. A decrease below + 10 ° C is fatal for the plant. The optimum temperature for vegetation is considered to be +28 ... + 30 ° С.
Pest and disease protection
Variety Valentine is resistant to viral diseases, but when grown, you should beware of fungal diseases.
To prevent their occurrence, you must adhere to the following rules:
- observe crop rotation;
- ventilate the greenhouse 1-2 times a day;
- to carry out preventive spraying with chemical preparations like “Fitosporin”, “Zircon”.
This plant crop is most susceptible to invasions of pests such as slugs, spider mites and aphids. To combat them, the chemical product Strela gives a good result. For the prevention of aphids and fungal diseases, it is necessary to carry out treatment with a solution of wood ash.
Another misfortune is the Colorado beetles. These pests and their larvae can be collected manually, or sprayings can be applied with the chemical Konifor.
To scare away insect pests, you can plant marigolds, marigold, basil between the beds.
Harvesting and Harvesting
Once the eggplants have a characteristic dark purple color and grow to a length of about 21–25 cm, you can start harvesting. The main thing is not to miss the moment of their technical maturity, as overripe vegetables will have bitterness and large rough seeds.
To determine the technical maturity, just press the finger with a finger. A dent should form on it, which disappears almost immediately.
Important! Overripe specimens must be collected and not left on the bush, so as not to delay the formation of new fruits.
Eggplant varieties Valentine are early ripe and have excellent taste. Since this hybrid gives high yields and is resistant to various adverse factors, it is an excellent choice for gardeners.