Description and cultivation of stubborn pride of Siberia

Crossing cherry plum and thorns 2, 000 years ago led to the appearance of plums. But nature went further, crossing the turn with a plum. As a result, we got a new tree - thorns. That this plant, and about features of care of a variety Pride of Siberia will be discussed in this article.

Description of thorns Pride of Siberia

Stubborn is also called the "plum of Damascus." This is a small, tart plum with a dark and as if dusty peel, pleasant to taste. Damascus plum was originally grown by the ancient Romans, who then distributed it throughout Europe and parts of Asia.

But the historical connection between it and modern stubborn is rather insignificant. The fruits of the ancient tree came to taste like a sweet dessert plum. Modern varieties have a more tart taste.

Did you know? Due to the fact that the stems of the stems are difficult to extract, in jams the fruits are used in their entirety. It is believed that the bones give the jam an almond flavor.

General characteristics:

  • deciduous tree with dark bark and dark purple leaves;
  • height: up to 6 m;
  • type of pollination: self-pollinated;
  • fetus: from small (10 g) to medium (20–25 g);
  • shape: oval;
  • color: bluish violet;
  • ripening: August-September.

Stubborn is used to create barriers from living plants (hedging) in a landscape design. They are also used as barriers to protect less hardy crops from the cold wind.

And the fruits are consumed fresh or used in the form of homemade preparations: in jams and jellies, as well as raw materials for making wines and liquors. It is known that juice from the fruits of this tree was used as a natural dye for camouflage uniforms of the last century. But there is no documentary evidence of this fact.

Specifications

The pride of Siberia reaches the average height of an ordinary plum tree - 3-5 m - and has a rather spreading crown. But, unlike a plum, its branches are covered with thorns.

Did you know? Blackthorn fruits can be mistaken for blueberries, because they look the same as the last. The difference is that the blueberries have umbilical indentations at the bottom and a perfect round shape.

Pride of Siberia characteristic:

  • grows in the form of a tree;
  • blooms profusely in spring;
  • forms many fruits along the entire length of the branches;
  • fetal weight: up to 25 g;
  • diameter: 4 cm;
  • color: dark red;
  • flesh: fleshy, red, with notes of sweetness and sourness at the same time;
  • ripening period: September (the variety is considered late).

The pride of Siberia belongs to winter-hardy varieties and can be grown in regions with winter temperatures below -40 ° C. In addition, the variety is resistant to aging, therefore, tolerates moist areas or periods of prolonged rain. But it does not tolerate marshy areas and salt marshes.

How to plant stubble

Stubborn refers to crops that can be planted in areas with winter temperatures in the range of -12 ...- 27 ° C. It tolerates even more severe frosts, but they should not be too long. Due to its high frost resistance, it is used as a fence for other crops, so it can be planted in any part of your garden.

The tree prefers a zone with bright lighting for at least 6 hours a day. The type of soil can be any, with the exception of salt marshes and wetlands. Starch grows normally on clay soil, but loamy, slightly acidic, moist soil with good drainage is considered the best.

Learn also how to make plum blossom and fruit.

Site selection and land preparation

Choosing the right planting location is crucial when planting fruit trees. Soil acidity should be between 6.0 and 7.5 pH. If possible, check the acidity level before planting and add lime or chalk for deoxidation. The rate of application depends on the degree of acidity.

If lime is used, then you will need (g / 1 m²):

  • for slightly acidic soil - 300 g;
  • for medium acid soil - 400 g;
  • for acidic soil - 500 g.

Choose a well-lit area. Fruit trees require at least 6–8 hours of sun per day. Avoid places obscured by large trees. When choosing a place, consider the size of the thorns. It can grow up to 6 m in height and have a crown of about 4-10 m.

How to choose seedlings

The seedling you purchase must be 2 years old. Buy plants in nurseries, so you will be sure of the quality of the purchased material.

Important! During the growing season, blackthorn gives a very abundant growth. It must be removed.

Basic requirements for a seedling:

  • it must be grafted or budded on the rhizome;
  • the rhizome controls the size of the tree and its growth power, so if you need a smaller tree - buy a plant with a small rhizome;
  • the optimal size is about 75 cm;
  • main trunk - 1 m,
  • There should be several side branches.

How to prepare and plant seedlings on the site

When planting, the vaccination site should be 5 cm above the soil level. If planted lower, the upper part can give roots and this will adversely affect the development of the root system. And if planted higher, then in winter the roots will be located too close to the surface, which will lead to freezing.

The landing site must be dug up 1–2 weeks before planting. Prepare a landing pit 60 × 60 cm in size. Depth - 50-60 cm. A bucket of rotted manure or humus is laid on the bottom and 1 tbsp is added. l urea. Cover with a film and leave for a week.

1 - a mixture of earth with pus; 2 - ground from the upper layer; 3 - small pegs; 4 - irrigation hole; 5 - landing stake; 6 - shtambik tree; 7 - hole roller; 8 - landing board.

Landing technology:

  1. After a week, the roots of the seedling are treated with a growth stimulator.
  2. 1.5 buckets of soil are poured into the pit on top of the fertilizer.
  3. Set the seedling in the center.
  4. Pour water.
  5. They fill the hole with soil and compact it around the trunk.
  6. Check if all roots are well covered by soil. If not, then add soil.
Important! Around the seedling, you can install a small metal barrier. This can be a sheet of metal dug around a tree, which will prevent the growth of the shoots in the summer and protect the trunk from rodents in the winter.

Care Features

Caring for stubborn is simple, if all the steps are taken correctly.

Like other trees, care consists of:

  • glaze;
  • fertilizer application;
  • pest control.
Periodically, it will be necessary to remove dried branches and form a crown. This simplifies harvesting, does not create excessive shade and prevents pests from appearing on the plant. Pruning is done in the spring before the buds open.

Watering frequency

Water the trees once a week in the first year after planting. In dry weather, the tree needs to be watered more often - 2 times a week. Watering begins in the spring and continues until mid-October. Water should not fall on the trunk and the scion point.

To preserve moisture, cover the root zone with mulch. After watering, it is recommended to loosen the soil. This provides oxygen access to the roots and creates better conditions for their development.

Fertilizers

In March of the first and second years after planting, apply 0.5 kg of organic fertilizer. It can be rotted manure. In May, add 100 g of calcium nitrate under the tree. The following year, calcium nitrate should be added in March and August.

Pest and Disease Control

Unfortunately, it is impossible to guarantee the absence of pests in the garden, so farmers always apply preventative measures:

  • remove fallen leaves in the fall;
  • dig the soil in November to destroy the wintering larvae with frost;
  • hang feeders to attract birds;
  • eliminate crown thickening in order to eliminate conditions favorable for insects.

Did you know? Possessing diuretic properties, flowers are prone to leaching stones in the kidneys, eliminating fluid retention and treating other problems with the kidneys and bladder.

When pests appear, you can use wide-spectrum insecticides or narrowly targeted to one group of insects. The Pride of Siberia variety is resistant to disease. In rare cases, the plague may be affected by fruit rot or smallpox viral disease.

Winter preparations

In autumn, the fallen leaves are removed in the garden to destroy the pests that winter in it. Then check how well the roots of the tree are covered with soil. If there are exposed areas, then they add soil. The mulch, which protected the roots in the summer, is burned along with the leaves and a new layer is laid. This helps protect the roots from frost, which is especially important for young trees.

If you decide to grow stubborn pride of Siberia, then do not forget that each tree has its own requirements for the growing zone, so planting in a colder zone is possible, but this will affect productivity. For maximum yield, follow basic agricultural practices.

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