Description and cultivation of cabbage varieties Kolya
The Kolya cabbage variety, echoing the well-known male name, although it has nothing to do with it, is quite popular among medium-sized vegetable growers, not only because of its harmonious and easily remembered name. High productivity, versatility of application and excellent taste with good protection against diseases have opened Kolya a wide road to the beds of farmers and summer residents. Read more about this cabbage variety - later in the article.
Description and characteristic
Officially, this cabbage species is called Kolya F1, which indicates its hybrid origin. Breeders brought him in the Netherlands from the company for the production of seeds Seminis Vegetable Seeds. The hybrid turned out with consistently high productivity and good tolerance to various climatic conditions, with the exception of severe frosts.
Did you know? The head of cabbage is not a fruit at all, but a huge wintering bud sitting on a stalk, the role of which is played by the stump.
Taste and appearance
Hybrid cabbage Kohl F1 has excellent gastronomic qualities. Its taste is equally good both in fresh form, and in pickled or after heat treatment. A feature of the variety is its complete lack of bitterness.
The cabbage head of this hybrid is different:
- rounded and slightly flattened shape;
- slight wavy leaves;
- elongation of the leaf outlet;
- weight up to 8 kg;
- outdoor light green;
- white color on a cut;
- homogeneity of the internal structure;
- the average size of the inner stump.
Productivity and ripening dates
Being a medium-late white-headed hybrid, Kolya F1 cabbage ripens within 130–135 days after planting seedlings in the open. The yield of this cabbage averages 498 kg / ha, under favorable conditions, reaching 652 kg / ha.
Learn how to choose the best cabbage for winter storage.
The hybrid does not have high frost resistance, but it has a strong immunity that protects it from:
- mucosal bacteriosis;
- vascular bacteriosis;
Advantages and disadvantages
- In the conditions of fierce competition of numerous cabbage hybrids, Kolya F1 is different:
- strong immune system;
- high productivity;
- presentation of large heads of cabbage;
- their ability not to crack;
- good keeping quality;
- lack of bitterness in taste;
- universality of application;
- unpretentiousness in leaving;
- adaptability to various climatic conditions.
Serious flaws in this cabbage is not noted. Some difficulties are created by a rather high external stump, which requires regular hilling, without which a large head is able to sink to one side.
Did you know? The current one hundred species of cabbage is represented by only 3 varieties: cabbage, colored and leafy.
The described hybrid in warm regions can be grown directly from seeds under the open sky, however, in places of its most active cultivation, growing from seedlings is much more often practiced.
Preparing planting material
Basically, the late varieties of cabbage, to which Kolya F1 belongs, are sown for seedlings in early April. More precise dates depend on the growing area. They are easy to calculate if you keep in mind that the seeds germinate 8-10 days after sowing, after which it should pass from 50 to 55 days before planting seedlings in open ground.
Read also about how to plant and grow cabbage correctly.
Prepared soil must be treated with pink potassium permanganate solution or Maxim fungicide. Seeds before the sowing also need to be disinfected, for which they are placed for a third of an hour in a dark pink solution of potassium permanganate and then washed in clean water.
Following disinfection, cabbage seeds must be dried. Then they are laid out on the surface of the prepared soil mixture, placed in containers.
As they may be:
- wooden low boxes;
- special containers;
- plastic cups;
- peat cups;
- cardboard cups.
It is also convenient to use peat tablets, which are made from peat with the addition of nutrients. Seeds are located on the ground no closer than 1 cm from each other, since cabbage seedlings do not tolerate thickening. Then they are covered with a soil mixture with a thickness of up to 1.5 cm. After planting the seeds, the soil must be sprayed with sprayed water. Then containers with seedlings are covered with glass or a transparent film to create greenhouse conditions and placed in a place with an ambient temperature of about + 20 ° С.
Watering the seedlings during this period should be moderate, with the drying of the soil between waterings. With the appearance of a pair of real leaves in the sprouts, seedlings growing in plastic or wooden containers need to be dived. The remaining containers should be placed in the most lit places with a temperature of + 15 ... + 17 ° С. Saplings are still moderately watered at room temperature with water and fed twice. The first time this happens after the appearance of the seedlings 2 real leaves.
Important! Insufficient deepening of seeds can lead to the removal of seed shells to the surface along with seedlings, which inhibits the development of seedlings.
In the prepared soil with the addition of wood ash, in which the seeds were sown, there are still all the necessary useful substances, except nitrogen. Its deficit can be filled, for example, with urea, a solution of which is prepared by adding 30 g of this fertilizer to a bucket of water. When 3-4 real leaves appear on a seedling, it is fed with full mineral fertilizer, designed specifically for seedlings.
Technology for planting seedlings in open ground
Seedlings are ready for planting in open ground after the appearance of 5-6 developed true leaves on it.
The place for the garden should be chosen where before the predecessors of cabbage were:
Do not plant cabbage after:
- cruciferous crops;
Important! You should not plant cabbage in the same place earlier than 4 years have passed.
The landing process proceeds as follows:
- Tanks with seedlings a couple of hours before planting in open ground should be abundantly watered.
- While the seedlings are saturated with moisture before planting, it is necessary to prepare the planting holes with each 1 glass of wood ash, 1 tbsp. l double superphosphate and 1 tsp. urea.
- Having mixed fertilizers with the soil, it is necessary to deepen the hole to such a depth that the seedlings fit in it until the first true leaf.
- Then the hole should be filled with water.
- After absorbing half the water, the hole should be filled with soil, without compacting it after that.
- To prevent the rapid evaporation of water and the formation of a crust on the soil surface, which prevents the air exchange of the root system, it is useful to mulch the earth around the seedlings.
As already mentioned, a distinctive feature of Kolya F1 cabbage is its low maintenance requirements. However, in order to obtain a good harvest and maintain good immunity, it is necessary to follow basic agricultural rules.
Recently planted seedlings require regular but moderate watering. It is very important to maintain water balance, preventing both drying out of the soil and stagnation of moisture in the root system. Adult cabbage needs more intensive watering. Its frequency depends on weather conditions. In normal weather, the vegetable is watered every 5-7 days. In the dry period, the frequency of watering increases to an interval of 1 time in 3 days. The optimum soil moisture for cabbage is 70–75%.
Also read about how often to water cabbage.
Water the cabbage only with warm and settled water. To achieve a higher yield of the vegetable, it is fed 4 times during the growing season. Feeding at the stage of heading of cabbage is especially relevant. Fertilize cabbage with organic fertilizers, ash and mineral fertilizers with a predominance of potassium, nitrogen and phosphorus in them.
For the first time, the soil around a seedling is loosened to a depth of 5 cm a week after planting it in open ground. The following loosening is brought to 8 cm depth. The soil should be loosened after every rain or watering to prevent the formation of a crust on the ground, which prevents the access of oxygen to the roots.
As already noted, the high external stump of this cabbage is capable of falling to the side under the weight of a head of cabbage. In order to avoid this, the vegetable must be spudded in a timely manner. The first time this is done 3 weeks after transplanting seedlings in open ground. After a couple of weeks, the hilling is repeated.
Read more about what to do if cabbage is not tied in a head out.
Disease and Pest Prevention
Having the ability at the genetic level to withstand mucous and vascular bacterioses, fusarium and pests in the form of thrips, the Kolya cabbage hybrid under adverse conditions and violation of agricultural regulations can be susceptible to the disease:
- black leg ;
- keel ;
- white rot .
Important! Treat cabbage with these substances should be until the head starts to tie. After this, the treatment of the vegetable with toxic substances is strictly prohibited.
A threat to the vegetable and pests represented by:
- cabbage fly, which is a dangerous enemy of cabbage seedlings, to prevent the attack of the larvae of which the vegetables are sprayed with 80 percent technical dichlorvos or with Fury, Nemabakt, Iskra-M;
- leaf-eating pests in the form of whitewash, scoops, cabbage aphids and bedbugs, which are controlled by treating a vegetable with a 0.2% solution of 80% technical chlorophos or “Phosphamide”.
Harvesting and storage of crops
Being a mid-late hybrid, Kolya F1 matures in late summer and early fall. The ripeness of heads of cabbage is easily determined by their density. The collection of medium and late cabbage is usually carried out by pulling the vegetable out of the ground, followed by chopping the stump immediately before laying it for storage. It is best to head out in dry and cool weather at a temperature of +4 ... + 7 ° C. Warmer weather provokes withering and decay of heads of cabbage.
Before laying for storage, the heads of cabbage must be sorted according to the principle: the denser the cabbage vegetable, the better it will be stored. For winter storage, it is best to choose heads of cabbage with 2 green covering leaves. Cabbage is stored in a basement or cellar at a temperature of -1 ... + 2 ° C with an air humidity of 91–97%. Heads of cabbage are laid out on a wooden floor in a checkerboard pattern in 2-3 rows, with stitches up. You can hang vegetables on the crossbars, tying them in pairs.
You will be interested to know how to properly store cabbage in an apartment and cellar.
Under optimal conditions, Kolya F1 cabbage is able to maintain all its qualities for 10 months. The Western European cabbage hybrid Kohl has taken root well in our area, occupying ever-larger areas in farms and in amateur gardens. Cabbage with an apparent family name Kolya won sympathy with its unpretentiousness in care, high productivity and wonderful gastronomic qualities.