Description and characteristics of the repair varieties of strawberries
Today, among gardeners and gardeners, strawberry remontant is especially popular. They are attracted by the fact that berries can be removed from such bushes several times a year. The article contains information about which repairing varieties are the best for growing at home and what kind of care is needed.
Varieties of repair strawberries for home growing
Removable strawberries are distinguished by the fact that they can produce crops two or more times during the growing season. On ordinary strawberry bushes, fruit buds are laid during the short daylight hours, and on the repair ones - during the long and neutral ones.
Today, many varieties of the described type of strawberries are bred. We offer to get to know better the most popular of them.
Did you know? The largest strawberry on the planet - with a weight of 250 g and a circumference of 25 cm, was able to grow a Japanese farmer Koji Nakao. A huge berry hit the pages of the Guinness Book of Records.
A variety of American selection . Bushes begin to bear fruit a year after planting. There are 4 fruiting peaks during the season: the last days of May, the beginning of July, the twentieth of August, mid-September. Strawberry Albion is appreciated because of its high fecundity, drought tolerance, good resistance to anthracnose pathogens, and gray rot.
One of its significant drawbacks is the poor tolerance of low temperatures, so it is recommended that the berry is cultivated in a greenhouse. Bushes bring from 400 g to 2 kg of berries weighing 40-60 g. In shape, they resemble cones, painted dark red with shine, the inside is bright pink. The berries are dense, suitable for transportation.
This hybrid is considered one of the best among large-fruited. His bushes grow up to 25-30 cm. They grow quickly, are very rarely affected by diseases and harmful insects, adapt well to any growing conditions, and do not require much care.
Fruits of 2-3 cm in diameter and an average weight of 20 g are formed, with excellent taste characteristics. The first berries can be picked up already 5 months after planting in the ground. Fruiting lasts from June to October. The hybrid is suitable for industrial purposes. Berries have a universal purpose.
The small fruit variety is only 8 g each. Bushes grow 20 cm in height. Their characteristic feature is the absence of a mustache. The berries are red, with a glossy surface, conical in shape. The pulp is characterized by excellent taste with a strawberry note, aroma, juiciness.
Alexandria bears fruit in the period from May to October. One bush brings about 400 g of fruit. Strawberry bushes of this variety are appreciated due to good frost resistance, strong immunity, lack of antennae.
Did you know? The famous socialite, one of the most prominent figures in Parisian public life and a trendsetter in the 18th century, Teresa Talien took strawberry baths to give her skin beauty. One cosmetic procedure required about 10 kg of berries.
The first wave of fruiting of this variety of English selection occurs in June, the last in August. Fruits are formed ovoid, solid, bright red. The pulp is white-pink in color, dense, sweet and sour, fragrant. The mass of one berry is small - 15–25 g.
The yield of the variety is 5.5 kg / m². Strawberries can withstand the negative effects of the external environment, such as lowering the temperature, temperature spikes, dry periods, and well resist the main diseases and harmful insects.
The hybrid bears fruit from the beginning of summer until the first frost. The berries are large, weighing 20-25 g, elongated in shape. They are painted red with yellow dots. They are characterized by a pleasant sweet taste and delicate aroma, suitable for universal purposes.
The seasonal productivity of the hybrid is noted at 2 kg per plant. It can be grown in greenhouse conditions and in open beds.
The bushes are erect, have many leaves and red mustaches. The berries are large, weighing 60 g, in the form of wide cones, dark red in color, shiny. They are characterized by juiciness, excellent sweet and sour taste, aroma resembling strawberries. The variety is distinguished by strong immunity and a high level of frost resistance.
Large-fruited and high-yielding hybrid, characterized by high resistance to cold temperatures, droughts, fungal diseases. Made in Holland. Forms bushes 30 cm high and 35 cm in diameter.
In the southern areas Sarian bears fruit until November. Brings dark red berries weighing 30 g with a sweet taste and nutmeg aroma. The hybrid can be cultivated in open and protected ground.
Another variety made in Holland. It differs in the mid-early ripening period, high productivity, good transportability of the fruits, and resistance to major diseases.
Bushes grow powerful, medium-leafy. The fertility of Kimberly strawberries is 1–2 kg per plant. The fruits are large, weighing 50 g, are characterized by density, heart-shaped, sweet caramel taste and rich odor.
Taste of childhood
A hybrid that is appreciated for plentiful and tasty harvests. Bushes he has a height of 25-30 cm, grow very quickly. They tolerate any weather conditions well, can grow in northern areas. Berries are formed dense, large, 2-3 cm in diameter. The average yield is 2 kg per bush. The fruiting period of the Taste of childhood is 3-4 months.
The variety is bred in the USA. Fruiting in him begins in mid-June. It forms compact, not large bushes with a large number of leaves. The berries are large in shape resembling cones. Their surface is red-orange, the inside is pink.
The pulp is characterized by juiciness, density, delicate sweet and sour taste. The fruits are well transported and can be stored for a long time. They are grown for universal purposes. Among the advantages of the Diamond variety are resistance to many pests and diseases, good adaptive properties, and a high level of productivity.
Planting Rules for Removable Strawberries
Removable strawberries should be grown in seedlings. Recommended time for sowing seeds is the end of February - the beginning of March. For sowing seeds, a soil substrate with very high humidity is needed - at the level of 70–80%.
It is prepared from 1 kg of light humus soil or universal soil purchased in a store with the addition of 700-800 g of water. The substrate must be mixed to a homogeneous mass and filled with a container with a diameter of 10-15 cm.
Important! For seedlings you need good and long-term lighting - for 12-14 hours. With a lack of light, stretching and disturbances in the development of plants will occur.
Sowing planting material should be carried out as follows:
- Spread the seeds on the surface of the soil substrate.
- Sprinkle them with a small layer of soil.
- Humidify from a spray bottle.
- Cover with a film or glass.
- Place in a room with a temperature of + 18 ... + 20 ° C and above, which is well lit. If necessary, organize additional lighting.
Features seedlings care
Seedlings require hydration, ventilation, picking and hardening. Moisturize the soil substrate as the top layer dries. Water for irrigation needs to be taken only warm, so as not to provoke the development of diseases and the death of young plants.
We recommend reading our electronic magazine about growing strawberries.
Daily seedlings must be aired. After shoots appear, after about 1.5–2 weeks, the shelter should be removed. When the plants form 2-3 leaves, they need to be dived into large pots or in separate containers, if they had previously grown in one container. The embedment depth should remain the same as before the transplant.
2-3 weeks before the planned planting in open ground or a greenhouse, you need to start hardening - the bushes are daily taken out into the open air, starting from 30-40 minutes a day, gradually increasing the duration of the procedure. Seedlings should be moved to a permanent place from mid to late May. At this time, there should no longer be a threat of frost return.
If you plan to grow outdoors, then you need to choose a site that is well lit by the sun. Removable strawberries bring the best yields when planted in fertilized loam or sandy loam with a neutral or slightly acidic pH.
In the autumn, beds need to be fertilized with humus (1 bucket) or manure, compost mixed with wood ash (5 kg / m²). In the spring, a month before planting, potassium sulfate (20 g) and superphosphate (40 g) are required.
Important! According to the crop rotation rules, strawberries should be planted in the beds where radishes, carrots, legumes, beets, garlic, parsley previously grew. It is necessary to avoid growing berry bushes after potatoes, cucumbers, tomatoes, raspberries, cabbage.
The recommended planting scheme for repair strawberries with a carpet method is 20 × 20 cm, with a row one - 20 × 70 cm. When moving seedlings, an earthen lump is left intact.
Care of bushes on the beds involves regular watering, feeding, cultivating, mulching, weeding, pruning, preventive measures against diseases and harmful insects. Moisten the beds after placing young bushes on them should be daily. After they take root, watering should be reduced to 1 time in 2-4 days. Check out
Watering should be combined with shallow loosening and mulching. Peat, straw, needles, sawdust are used as mulch.
Fertilizers for strawberries will require a lot - about 10-15 for the entire growing season. The best option is the alternation of mineral and organic fertilizers.
From organic matter to strawberry bushes, slurry, an aqueous solution of bird droppings are good. Among the recommended mineral dressings are Kemira Lux, Mortar, and Kristallin. To increase the productivity of the bushes, they should cut the leaves, and then process them from harmful insects and diseases.
Harvesting, transportability and storage
The collection of berries should begin 2-3 days before they are fully ripe. If the fruits are planned to be stored, then they must be removed from the bushes with tails. Harvesting must be done in the morning, after the dew has dried, or in the evening. Dry fruits can be stored for a little longer.
Berries should be harvested in boxes made of plastic or wood, into which paper or fabric should be preliminarily placed. Strawberries can only be stored when stacked in one layer. At home, the fruits are laid out in glass or plastic containers with lids. You can not wash them before storing them for storage.
Once the berries are picked, they should be placed in cold conditions - temperature 0 ° ... + 2 ° C. At this temperature, the shelf life of strawberries is 3-4 days. In indoor conditions, berries can lie one day.
Frozen fruits can be stored for the longest time: in this form, they conserve most of the useful elements. When transporting strawberries, you should not pour it from container to container and sort it out: any additional actions threaten to reduce the shelf life.
Did you know? Strawberries are the only berries whose seeds are not located inside, but outside. One mature fetus has approximately 200 pieces.
Thus, the repair strawberry attracts summer residents by the fact that it is able to bring a crop several times a season. The procedures for caring for her are somewhat different from those that are carried out for ordinary strawberries - in particular, she needs enhanced watering and a large number of top dressings.