Cyclamen Persian: home care

Persian cyclamen attracts with bright flowers of different shades, making it one of the most popular plants for indoor floriculture. How to grow and propagate a flower at home is described in detail below.

Botanical description of the plant

Herbaceous perennial originates from the countries of the Mediterranean region, and is also found in northern Africa.

Its characteristic features are:

  • root in the form of a flat-round tuber with a diameter of up to 15 cm;
  • leathery green leaves with a heart-shaped shape with a characteristic silver pattern;
  • petiole of the leaf is long, red-brown;
  • peduncle up to 20 cm long;
  • a flower of 5 petals with a bent lower petal resembles a butterfly;
  • flowers are white, shades of pink and red, purple;
  • fruit in the form of a box with seeds.
Other names for the plant are alpine violet or scum. There are varieties of standard height of about 30 cm, as well as miniature fragrant cyclamens up to 15 cm high.

Did you know? The word "cyclamen" comes from the Greek "cyclos", which means "circle" and is associated with the shape of the tuber. Another name for the flower is “pork bread”: in the book of Ambodik, the physician of Catherine II, “Medical Substances” in 1758, the search and eating of cyclamen tubers by pigs is described. A dense rosette of leaves and flowers grows from the top of the tuber; in some species, this occurs simultaneously. Long flowering and plant growth occur in the cool period from autumn to spring. After flowering, the peduncle gradually spirals and lays a box with seeds on the ground. Then the leaves fall, and the flower goes into a dormant period.

How to choose upon purchase

The best choice would be a plant in the initial phase of flowering. You must also make sure that cyclamen is healthy.

The attributes of a quality specimen are as follows:

  • minimum number of blossoming flowers;
  • many buds under the leaves;
  • strong vertical peduncles;
  • elastic leaves without yellowness;
  • the tuber protrudes slightly above the soil.
In the core of the flower there should not be a gray coating (a sign of gray rot), and soil moisture should be moderate. Since the plant is most often bought in the fall, it is necessary to ensure reliable packaging of the flower for transportation outdoors.

Important! Cyclamen juice is poisonous! The maximum concentration of harmful substances is contained in the tuber.

Sometimes cyclamen is sold in the form of a tuber. In this case, it should be smooth and heavy, have kidneys in the upper part.

How to care immediately after purchase

After the purchase, you need to inspect the condition of the root system, according to the results of which they decide on the need for a transplant.

A new place for cyclamen is necessary in the following cases:

  • roots peep out of the hole at the bottom of the pot;
  • the pot contains peat or a substrate of unknown origin, and not soil;
  • upon detection of signs of rotting of the tuber;
  • with complete drowning of the tuber into the ground.
How to transplant is described in the corresponding section below.

What conditions do you need to create at home

Persian cyclamen is an ephemeroid, which means a clear division of its life cycle into periods of active growth and dormancy.

It is often used to decorate a house for only one season, however, under certain conditions, the plant can be preserved and lead to repeated flowering.

Placement and lighting

The flower needs a bright diffused color and the eastern window will be the best place for it. From a lack of sun, the leaves may turn yellow, and direct rays can cause a burn.

The plant is demanding on clean air and does not tolerate gas and tobacco smoke. Both cold draft and hot air from heating appliances should be avoided.

Do not keep plants in a cramped place, the lack of fresh air can lead to decay. After flowering, the plant goes to rest, and the pot needs to be rearranged in a shady place until the end of summer. Some gardeners recommend putting the pot with the tuber on its side.

At home, you can grow such decorative flowering plants as:

Temperature mode

One of the most important conditions for flowering cyclamen is a cool temperature. During the day, the thermometer should record + 12 ° C to + 15 ° C, and at night it can be lowered to + 10 ° C.

If the air warms up to + 20 ° C, the flower may go into hibernation mode. In such heat, spider mites are also active, which can cause the death of the flower. During dormancy, the plant is kept at a temperature of +18 ... + 22 ° C.

Air humidity

The plant loves high humidity, and its leaves are regularly sprayed. A flower pot can be placed on a pallet with moistened expanded clay. When buds appear, leaf foliage is stopped. Drops falling on the petals can cause decay.

How to take care in the future

Care for cyclamen in the active period includes proper watering and top dressing. When working with the plant always wear gloves.


Regular watering during the growing season should be moderate. It is necessary to wait for a little drying of the top layer in the pot before watering it again.

Important! Watering should not get on the tuber, so the stream is directed strictly along the edge of the container or immersion in water for 15 minutes.

Previously, water for irrigation is defended, and its temperature should not be more than room temperature. During the dormant period, watering does not stop completely, moistening the earth around the tuber as necessary.

Fertilizer application

Top dressing is added during the growing season every two weeks. Fertilizer should be comprehensive and designed for flowering plants.

The dosage is halved. The amount of nitrogen in top dressing should be minimal, otherwise only an increase in green mass will occur. During dormancy, cyclamen is not fertilized.


Cyclamen does not require trimming. Faded flower stalks can be removed if the flower grower does not like the coiled spirals with seeds. However, they are not cut, but carefully twisted at the very bottom, at the growth point.

When the plant goes into hibernation, the leaves turn yellow and droop. Foliage cannot be forcibly removed, even if a period of rest has come.

We recommend reading why cyclamen leaves turn yellow.


In addition to the conditions listed above for transplantation after purchase, cyclamen is moved to a new pot every 2-3 years in early autumn. The signal for the beginning of transplantation can be considered the appearance of the first young leaves.

The container for the plant should not be too large, otherwise the plant will spend the main forces on the growth of the tuber and leaves, and flowering will be weak. The depth of the pot can be estimated based on the diameter of the tuber: its third should be above the surface of the soil.

On average, you need such containers:

  • for a plant from 1 to 3 years, a pot with a diameter of 7-8 cm is needed;
  • a flower older than 3 years most likely needs a pot with a diameter of 10-15 cm.
For cyclamen, you can buy a ready-made soil mixture for flowering plants or bulbs, which add sand and perlite. Found on sale and a special primer for cyclamens.

Did you know? In ancient Rome, protective properties were attributed to the flower and pregnant women wore cyclamens as jewelry.

A self-made mixture should consist of the following ingredients:

  • humus, sand and peat in equal parts;
  • three pieces of leafy earth.
After mixing all the components, the soil must be disinfected. To do this, the mixture is spilled with a weak solution of potassium permanganate or calcined in the oven for an hour. At the bottom of the container, drainage of pebbles or expanded clay is placed 2 cm thick.

Then you need to take such actions:

  1. Put on gloves and remove the tuber from the pot, clean it from old soil and cut off damaged or rotten roots. Sprinkle slices with charcoal powder.
  2. Pour new soil into the pot with drainage and put the tuber inward so that its upper part protrudes one third above the edge.
  3. To fill up the remaining earth.
  4. Move the pot to a cool place and pour.

After a month after the procedure, cyclamen can be fed.

Video: Cyclamen transplant

How to propagate at home

For Persian cyclamen, only seed reproduction is used. If you divide its tuber, in most cases its parts rot.

Seeds ripen for several months and it is better to sow them immediately after opening the box. The best sowing time is the beginning of spring. To improve germination, the seeds are treated in a solution of "Epina", according to the instructions. Sowing is carried out in sterile soil without humus.

Important! To get a variety hybrid, seeds must be purchased from a trusted supplier! Self-collected seeds may contain split characters after cross-pollination.

The process is as follows:

  1. In a shallow container, seeds are placed to a depth of 1 cm with an interval of 2-3 cm.
  2. Sprinkling the grooves with soil, they are moistened from the spray bottle and covered with a black film or an opaque cover.
  3. Between the surface of the ground and the shelter you need to leave 2-3 cm of the air gap.
  4. Germination requires a temperature of + 18 ... + 20 ° C.
  5. The container is periodically aired and moistened.

The first shoots may appear in a month, some varieties germinate longer. After emergence, the landing is transferred to bright diffused light at the same temperature.

Cyclamen sprouts are planted when 2-3 leaves appear, small tubers must be covered completely. The second transplant into pots with a diameter of 5-6 cm is carried out after 6-7 months. In this case, the tubers are left a third open.

Most often, the first flowering will come in the second year, however, some copies bloom as early as 15-18 months.

Growing difficulties

Persian cyclamen often suffers from mistakes in care.

The main problems when growing are as follows:

  • root rot, which occurs from abundant watering and untreated soil. Young specimens with a weak tuber are likely to die, and a large tuber of an adult plant can be cut, treated with fungicide and transplanted into sterile soil;

  • Fusarium is manifested by yellowing and wilting of foliage with characteristic spots on the root cut. For treatment, use a solution of fundazole and spraying “Topsin-M”;

  • Anthracnose leads to drying out of the buds and pedicels, and then the leaves. After removing the diseased parts, the flower is treated with fungicides;

  • cyclamen mite attacks with an increased level of humidity, and with excessive dryness, a spider mite can start. Both pests are removed with a warm soul (except for the flowering period), and subsequent processing with chemical preparations;

    Cyclamen and spider mites
  • aphid leaves leaves sticky, leads to wilting of buds and curl of foliage. To destroy aphids, the leaves are wiped with a solution of insecticidal soap and sprayed with Fitoverm;

  • burns on foliage indicate direct sunlight and water. The plant must be rearranged and pay attention to the accuracy of irrigation.

Persian cyclamen is highly decorative and has a long flowering period. Providing the plant with the correct conditions during the dormant period, it is possible to achieve repeated flowering and preserve the flower for many years.

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