Cordilin flower: home care
If you are a lover of large, exotic and unpretentious plants in the apartment, then you will like cordilina. This flower harmoniously fits into any interior, grows well and does not cause trouble. From our article you will learn how to care for him.
Botanical description of the plant
Cordilin, some experts ranked as a family of agave, others as asparagus. Its name comes from the Greek word, which translates as "knot, bump", as the plant has knotty, pineal roots. The homeland of the cordilin plant are New Zealand and Australia. She is often confused with dracaena due to external resemblance. However, these plants belong to different genera. The flower has a high trunk, the bottom of which is exposed over time, and beautiful decorative leaves.
Did you know? Unlike most tropical plants, cordilin does not contain toxic substances. Therefore, it can be grown in homes where there are small children and pets.
The plant in appearance resembles a palm tree and has the following characteristic features:
|Root system||Fleshy, tuberous, thick, white|
|Stem length||Up to 1.5 m in residential conditions, up to 12 m in the wild|
|Leaf shape||Lanceolate, sword-shaped or linear|
|Leaf color||Green, meets red, light green, pink veins, stripes, spots|
|Inflorescence shape||In the form of a panicle, with small flowers|
|Flower color||Red, white, purple|
Types of cordiline
There are 26 species of cordilins, among which are trees, shrubs and shrubs.
In apartment conditions, these are often grown:
- Banks. Reaches a height of 1.5–3 m. The trunk is thin, straight. Green leaves, lanceolate, up to 1.5 m long and 8 cm wide, placed on long petioles. In the inflorescence in the form of a panicle, white flowers are formed.
- Apical. May have 1 thin or several trunks. The leaves are green with a reddish tint, with pronounced veins. It grows in length up to 50 cm, in width - up to 10 cm.
- Red It grows up to 4 m in height. The leaves are green, lanceolate, long and narrow. Their maximum length is 0.5 m, width is 5 cm. They grow on petioles 15 cm long. During flowering, an inflorescence is formed in the form of a panicle with pale blue flowers on short pedicels.
- Straight. It forms a thin trunk up to 3 m long. Lanceolate leaves, up to 0.5 m long and up to 3 cm wide. Inflorescences in the shape of brooms. They have pale blue flowers.
- Inseparable. Tall species - in the wild it can reach 12 m. The trunk is thin and hard. The leaves are long, belt-shaped. Their length is 1.5 m, width is 15 cm. A red vein runs in the center of the dull green top sheet plate. The inflorescence is branched, drooping. The flowers are white in color.
- South. Another tall look. The trunk is straight, expanded at the base. The leaves are long, in the form of swords. The colors are green with a central light vein. In the inflorescences are delicate white odorous flowers.
House growing conditions
For tropical and subtropical species, the living conditions are different. The common thing for them is a love of moderate humidity, good light, intolerance to temperature jumps and drafts.
Did you know? The local cordilina growing in New Zealand is used by locals for making ropes and fabrics, as well as for eating. Juice from the leaves is used to prevent and treat infections.
The plant needs bright light, so it is placed in a bright place. In summer, the flower grows well at the window on the east or west side. In winter - from the south side. The sun's rays should not be direct, they must be scattered. Cordilins with dark leaves are able to maintain decorativeness in not too lighted corners of the house.
Temperature differences are harmful to cordilin. Therefore, when ventilating, make sure that drafts do not occur in the room. Their effect can adversely affect the decorativeness of the flower. If it is necessary to ventilate the room where the flower is contained, it is transferred to another room during the procedure.
In the warm season, the plant develops at a temperature of +20 ... + 25 ° С, in winter - +5 ... + 10 ° С. For subtropical species, a decrease in temperature from autumn is carried out gradually. Tropical species love the warm ambient temperature. In winter, they need to organize the temperature regime at +18 ... + 20 ° С.
How to care at home?
Caring for cordilina will not cause much trouble. It needs to be regularly moistened, periodically fed, transplanted.
Important! Cordilina species that prefer tropical conditions and high humidity can be placed on a pallet with wet pebbles in the summer, wiped with a wet cloth and placed under a warm shower.
Cordilina has no special moisture requirements. It is watered in the same way as most houseplants, as the top soil layer dries. Typically, the frequency of irrigation is 1-2 times a week in the summer and once every 7-10 days in the winter. In summer, you need to moisten more often, in winter - the frequency and volume of irrigation is reduced. Cordilin does not like overmoistening.
This is especially dangerous for those plants that are kept at low temperatures in winter. For irrigation use settled, rain or filtered water at room temperature. Using hard cold tap water is detrimental to the plant. It is advisable to pour water into the pan.
Subtropical species need to be rarely sprayed - they are not picky about the level of air humidity. Tropical species are sprayed daily from late spring to late summer. For spraying, as for irrigation, use warm, settled water.
In order to achieve good plant growth and maximum decorativeness, it is necessary to fertilize it regularly. As top dressing, purchased universal universal fertilizers developed for deciduous crops are used. They are introduced weekly from spring to autumn. In the cold season, the number of top dressings is reduced to 1 time per month. Species that are transferred to the cold in winter do not need to be fed.
Pruning to form a cordiline crown is not required. Need to remove damaged, old, dried leaves. Use sharp scissors to trim the shrunken ends of the leaves. Trimming the stem can be done in case of stretching the plant. It is cut to a height of 10 cm from the base, above the old leaf knot. In the future, shoots will appear on it. Trimming work is done in the spring.
Important! The soil purchased in the store does not require pre-treatment before planting. The substrate made by hand must be disinfected - calcined in the oven or pour with a solution of potassium permanganate (1%).
Young plants need an annual transplant. Mature - 1 time in 2-3 years. The transplant is carried out in the spring, preferably in March. A container is selected in size (for a plant 40–45 cm high, a pot of 15–20 cm in diameter is needed), they buy or make a substrate with their own hands. The acidity of the soil should be slightly acidic, with a pH level of 6–6.5.
You will need to mix these components:
- garden land (3 parts);
- sand (1 part);
- peat (1 part).
- It is good to water a flower.
- Extract along with an earthen lump from the container in which it grows.
- Gently peel the roots from the ground.
- At the bottom of the pot lay a drainage layer - expanded clay, pebbles.
- Top with a layer of soil mixture.
- Set a flower in the center.
- Cover the roots with earth.
- Water abundantly.
- Put in a room with a temperature of +20 ... + 22 ° С.
Find out how and when to transplant indoor plants.
Propagate the flower in 3 ways:
- Dividing the rhizome.
- The seeds.
The division of rhizomes is as follows:
- To water the soil.
- Extract the plant from the pot.
- Clear of an earthen coma.
- Rinse the roots.
- Separate part of the rhizome and cut off all the roots from it.
- Cut the rhizome into several parts.
- Place all parts for rooting in a light substrate.
- Cover the pot with a bag.
- Regularly ventilate and moisturize.
- After rooting, about a month later, plant in a permanent place.
It is better to separate the cuttings in the spring.
Do it like this:
- Semi-lignified apical or middle shoots are cut.
- They are divided into parts so that 1-4 nodes remain in each.
- Cuttings are placed in water or planted in a moist substrate for rooting.
- A container with cuttings is placed in a room with a temperature of +25 ... + 30 ° C. You can create a mini-greenhouse by covering it with a plastic bottle, polyethylene or glass packaging.
- If necessary, add water, moisten the substrate.
- After root formation (about 30 days later), the plant is planted in a permanent place.
Video: propagation of cordilina by cuttings
The seed method for the propagation of cordilina at home is not used. This process is troublesome and long. It is used only for natural species. As a rule, when sowing seeds germinate sparsely. Sprouts appear within 1-3 months.
When growing plants, you may encounter the following problems:
- Light spots on the foliage. The reason lies in the excess of sunlight. Move the pot to a shaded place or cover the flower from the sun.
- Drying and browning of the ends of the leaves. There may be several reasons why the leaves of cordilina dry. One of them is dry air indoors. Another is insufficient moisture. You need to regularly spray the plant and establish a watering regime.
- Brown spots on the leaves. One reason for the development of the problem is a lack of moisture. To eliminate the need for regular hydration.
- Rotting of the stem from below. This is due to waterlogging. It is necessary to stop watering and establish their correct mode. The plant must be transplanted into new soil, carefully inspecting the roots and pruning the affected areas.
- Leaf fall of lower leaves. Leaves from the lower tier will fall constantly - this is a natural process. However, if the leaf fall is strong, then you need to pay attention to the location of the cordilina pot. Perhaps she lacks light and needs to be placed in a brighter place.
- Curl and soften the leaves. Most likely, in this way the plant responds to cold. It is necessary to increase the temperature in the room or rearrange it in warmer conditions.
- Yellowing foliage. It occurs for two reasons: lack of nutrients and low air humidity. It is necessary to start spraying the plant and its fertilizer.
Also, if the florist mistakes during planting or care, the flower may become ill or be invaded by harmful insects.
Of diseases, root rot more often occurs . Signs of the disease: unhealthy appearance of the plant, stunting, drying out of the leaves. The factors that provoke the disease are excessive watering and cold. Treatment consists of trimming diseased roots, washing healthy roots with hot water, treating the cut sites with activated charcoal, fungicide, which is allowed for indoor plants. After drying for a day, the plant is transplanted into a new pot and soil. With severe rotting of the roots, the top of the plant is cut off, rooted and planted in a new container and soil.
You will be interested to know how to plant indoor flowers in a pot.
On cordilin can settle:
- Mealybug. It leaves a characteristic symptom - white loose discharge, similar to cotton wool. They struggle with it by wiping with a soap solution, spraying with a solution of green soap, infusions of tobacco, garlic, a decoction of cyclamen, tincture of calendula, alcohol, drugs "Aktara", "Biotlin", "Calypso", "Confidor", "Fitoverm".
- Spider mite. The presence of a web on spines and stems, as well as small red dots, will tell you that the plant was chosen by a tick. This parasite loves heat and dryness. To get rid of it, you need to wipe the flower with a soapy solution. With severe infection, treatments with Fitoverm, Bi-58, Karate, Iskra-M, Actellik are needed.
- Shield. It is easy to spot. This small insect is covered with a hard shell. It feeds on flower juices. The first symptoms of the appearance of the scale are sticky fluid on the trunk. Destroy it mechanically - scraping with a brush. Acetic wipes are also effective, rubbing with tincture of garlic, red pepper. In case of severe infection, they resort to chemical treatment using Fitoverm, Actellik, Metafos.
- Whitefly Moths with white wings. The danger is not butterflies, but their larvae that feed on leaves. As a result, they turn yellow and curl. To combat whitefly, the above insecticides are used. Soap solution, tobacco and dandelion infusions also help scare away the insect.
Signs and superstitions
The people will take a little and superstitions associated with cordilina, the plant is considered positive. It is called the tree of fortune. It is believed that it should be placed in a corner in the house - living in such conditions, it activates Chi energy, has a beneficial effect on the creative abilities of households and helps maintain harmony in relationships and a favorable aura in the house.
Read also how and what to feed indoor plants at home.
Cordilina is an exotic plant resembling a palm tree. Despite its large size, a beginner in flower business can also cope with the cultivation of plants. The flower will decorate the apartment, office, greenhouse, conservatory.