Chrysalidocarpus palm: home care
Lovers of large plants appreciate the palm of chrysalidocarpus for its exotic and solemn appearance. We offer to get to know her closer and learn how to plant and grow it.
Botanical description of the plant
Other names - areca, palm butterfly, golden butterfly. It grows with a bush and has a lush crown that can decorate any room. In an apartment, it reaches a height of 2 m, when kept in open ground - up to 10 m.
|Well developed, vertical
|Thin, contain 40-60 leaves
|Cirrus, finely dissected
|Dark and bright green with yellow stalks, smooth edges and pointed ends
|Inflorescences in the form of panicles
|Bright yellow, cream
The plant blooms in May and June. However, in an apartment setting, this is rarely done. After flowering, yellow, dark purple fruits with seeds appear.
Important! The seeds of chrysalidocarpus are poisonous and, when ingested, lead to poisoning. If there are children in the house, then when the fruits appear, make sure that they do not eat them.
- The advantages of chrysalidocarpus are:
- exotic look;
- tolerance to drafts;
- ease in reproduction.
The main types
There are two dozen varieties of areca. At home, two are grown:
- Chrysalidocarpus yellowish, or diptis yellowing . It has 2–4 trunks on which pinnate leaves with yellow furrow cuttings 60 cm long are placed. It rarely brings fruits at home.
- Chrysalidocarpus Madagascar. It has one smooth trunk with a diameter of 20-30 cm, on which rings are clearly distinguishable. The leaves are pinnate, glossy, grow in a bunch. In width they reach 2 cm, in length - 40. An inflorescence is formed 50 cm long.
House growing conditions
Chrysalidocarpus is an unpretentious plant, a beginner in the flower business will also cope with the care. After buying a palm tree, flower growers are not advised to immediately transplant. It is better to wait a bit, give time to the plant to adapt to new growing conditions.
We recommend that you learn how to care for a scorpion at home.
Since the plant is large, then before purchasing, think about where to put it. This tropical flower is used to sunlight, so you need to choose a well-lit place for it - near the south or southeast windows. The direct rays of the sun are dangerous for palm trees. Therefore, it is necessary to take care of protection from them when they directly fall on a flower.
The palm tree requires daylight hours of 12 hours, so in winter additional lighting is required.
Important! For uniform growth of the areca crown, it is necessary to turn the pot 180 ° twice a month .
The temperature for palm growth is +22 ... + 25 degrees. In winter - within +16 ... + 23 degrees.
It is important to adhere to recommended temperatures when growing young plants. Mature palm trees do not react so sharply to short-term drops or increases on the thermometer column.
During the heating period, the flower needs to be moved away from heating appliances, batteries. For the summer season it can be taken out to the balcony.
Read also about the houseplant royal begonia.
Humidity in the room where areca grows is maintained at a level of at least 60%. In summer, you need frequent spraying, wiping the leaves with a wet cloth.
In winter, hydration of the flower by spraying and rubbing is not needed. Indoors, it is advisable to install a humidifier.
Decorativeity can be achieved if you create optimal conditions for the flower and adhere to the recommendations for care: watering, dressing, pruning, transplanting.
Chrysalidocarpus should be watered with warm, standing (at least two days) or filtered water. Watering is plentiful, but make sure that the pot does not stagnate. Watering is carried out as the top layer of an earthen coma dries up - about once every 3 days. In summer, the frequency and volume of irrigation is increased, in winter - reduced.
Important! When watering, make sure that water drops do not fall on the stems; if this happens, you need to get the stems wet with a dry cloth.
Areca needs to be fertilized year-round. In the spring-summer season you will need to feed once every two weeks. In the autumn-winter - once a month.
For top dressing, fertilizers are used for palm trees and ornamental-deciduous plants. During the growing season, monthly foliar top dressing is desirable.
Since chrysalidocarpus does not have shoots, there is no need to trim it. Damaged, shriveled leaves are often inspected and cleaned.
Areca transplanted in April. Young palm trees are transplanted every year, mature - once every three years.
To do this, acquire soil, which should have the following characteristics:
- acidic or neutral pH;
- good conductivity of air and moisture.
Did you know? The poisonous fruits of areca are used by some peoples in folk medicine. Means based on them are used to get rid of worms and as a bonding agent. Filipinos make chewing gum from fruits. The substrate can be prepared with your own hands by mixing:
- clay-soddy soil (2 parts);
- humus-leaf soil (2 parts);
- peat (1 part);
- coarse sand (1 part);
- charcoal (1 part).
The pot is selected large, with a wide base. A drainage layer, for example, expanded clay or fragments of red brick, is necessarily laid at its bottom.
It will be interesting to know how and when to properly transplant indoor plants.
During the transplant, the earthen lump is not destroyed, it is transshipped. Allowed only to cut off too long roots.
If the areca has grown too much, and it is impossible to transship it, only the topsoil should be replaced.
Areca is propagated in two ways:
- Basal processes.
We advise you to learn about the care and reproduction of coral begonia.
It is rare to resort to the seed method at home, since it is troublesome. Seeds for swelling are placed for three days in warm water. Then deepen into moist, light soil and place in conditions with a temperature of +25 ... + 30 ° C and good lighting. After the first leaf appears, the sprouts dive into separate pots. Sprouts that can be planted in a permanent place will appear after 3-4 months.
Video: Areca palm breeding at home
The method is used at any time of the year. A sharp knife cut off the process at the base of the stem. It is desirable that he already had roots. If there are no roots, it is rooted in a tank with moist soil or water. Rooted processes are planted in moist soil and periodically watered. They are planted in a permanent place in spring or summer.
Did you know? Chrysalidocarpus refers to plants that clean the room where it grows. It is believed that it is able to remove elements such as benzene, formaldehyde, carbon monoxide from the air.
Improper conditions of detention and errors in care lead to the fact that the plant is affected by diseases and parasites. Some of them can be combated with alternative methods and special preparations, and some can not be treated.
Most often, chrysalidocarpus is infected by fungal infections. The main symptom is dark spots with a yellow rim on the leaves, the middle of which subsequently dies. Such diseases occur with high humidity and excessive watering. In order to prevent ailments, you need to adhere to the recommended frequency of irrigation, do not overdo it with spraying. The treatment should be carried out with fungicides approved for foliage plants, for example: “Topaz”, “Hom”, “Skor”, “Thiovit”.
- Thrips. The fact that they settled on the plant is indicated by small holes in the leaves, brown spots, deformation of the stems. Their reproduction is facilitated by dry air and the absence of spraying. They treat the palm by spraying with the insecticides Actellik, Inta-Vir, Fitoverm, Aktara.
- Spider mite. Appears when the air in the room is too dry. Symptoms of a lesion are a spider web on the trunk and leaves. The fight is carried out by increasing the humidity and spraying with the Aparolo, Borneo, Flumayt acaricides, Fitoverm, Actellik insecticides and other drugs.
- Nematodes. They can affect leaves, stems and roots. When infected with a nematode, a houseplant must be disposed of with the pot.
- Mealybug. These pests provoke a weakening of the flower and a delay in its growth. In order to prevent damage, you should maintain a normal level of humidity and observe watering regimes, timely remove dried leaves. The struggle consists in wiping with a soap solution, spraying with a solution of green soap, infusions of garlic, tobacco, “Aktara”, “Biotlin”, “Calypso”, “Confidor”, “Fitoverm” preparations.
- Shield. The main symptom is brown spots on the leaves. For treatment, rubbing with a soap-alcohol solution (15 g of liquid soap + 10 ml of denatured alcohol + 1 l of water) is used, spraying with the preparations "Actellik", "Fosbetsid", "Aktara".
- The leaves turn yellow and curl. This indicates that the flower is hot or too much light. It is necessary to change the nature of the lighting to diffused or to rearrange the flowerpot in another place.
- Darkening and drying out of leaves is a sign of dry air, moisture deficiency, exposure to cold. It is necessary to determine the exact cause and eliminate it.
- Brown spots on the leaves are detected when the flower is poured, watered with hard water, when it experiences sharp temperature changes. To correct the situation, watering is normalized and the temperature is controlled.
- The leaves turn black or darken with an excess of moisture and decay of the rhizome. Transplantation and normalization of the irrigation regime will help.