Chicken meat and egg
There are different breeds of chickens: some grow quickly and give a lot of meat (meat), others carry a large number of eggs (egg). But there are breeds that make up the middle ground between them - these are meat and egg chickens. They combine high egg production and high weight. Features of the content of these rocks we will discuss in our article.
List of breeds of meat and egg productivity
Meat and egg chickens are represented by such breeds: Kuchinskaya, Leningrad chintz, Foxy Chik, Zagorsk salmon, Liven chintz, Maran, Dominant, Australorp, Amrox, Welsumer, Pushkinskaya and Lakenfelder. Next, we consider their characteristics.
Layers have a fleshy torso and short legs. The weight of the rooster is 4.5 kg, chicken - 3 kg. Birds carry more than 200 eggs per year, starting at six months of age. The shell of eggs is brown with a pink tint. The color of the feathers is golden brown or light brown.
Learn more about the features of breeding Kuchin hens.
The main quality of the breed is a very good tolerance of weather changes: its representatives quickly get used to cold weather in winter and heat in summer. The level of their egg production does not fall even in the most severe frosts. Hens can run in an uninsulated chicken coop.
Important! Kuchin laying hens are often obese, so their diet should be balanced. Do not overfeed them at night: in obese birds, egg production will decrease, and soon they will cease to rush at all. Hens of the breed in question are undemanding in content and very calm. If they are well looked after, they may well become tame.
First of all, layers are distinguished by their beautiful plumage: each feather in them consists of white, black and brown colors. The weight of an adult male is 2.7 kg, and that of a female is 2 kg. Gourmets really appreciate meat: it is very delicate in taste, aromatic and juicy. The egg production rate of this breed is 180 eggs per year.
Read about the advantages and disadvantages of chickens of the Leningrad chintz breed.
Calcium must be in the diet of this breed for the eggs to be strong - to do this, provide them with the opportunity to peck small pebbles or shells every day. You can also introduce calcium into the food of laying hens. In addition, birds should receive a sufficient dose of protein. Its deficiency will adversely affect the quality of meat.
Birds are low, with a wide sternum and thick plumage of red and light brown. At the age of 4 months they begin to rush. The egg production of the breed is very high - 300 eggs per year with a characteristic light pink color.
Foxy chickens are large in size. An adult rooster weighs 6 kg and a chicken weighs 4 kg. Their dietary meat, which is very much appreciated in the market. Another huge plus is the 100% survival of chickens, so it is easy to grow them.
These are medium sized birds. The weight of the rooster is 3.7 kg. Adult laying hens weigh 2.7 kg. One chicken can lay up to 260 eggs per year, starting at the age of five months. The color of the shell is cream or light brown.
Read more about the Zagorsk salmon breed of chickens.
- they are hardy and quickly get used to changes in temperature;
- very rarely get sick, because they have strong immunity;
- they can be grown together with representatives of other breeds, because they have a good character;
- chickens grow rapidly, they are characterized by a high level of survival.
Outwardly, the layers are very large, with a wide chest, a long back and a short neck. The color of the feathers can be different: yellow, black and white, black, silver, golden.
Did you know? The name of the breed came from the chintz color of the birds, which today prevails in comparison with other colors. Chicken of this breed carries 200–220 eggs per year, starting at the age of 6 months. It should be noted that the color of the shell is brown. The number of eggs does not decrease in winter, when there are large frosts on the street. In addition, the eggs have a delicate taste, which is very appreciated by gourmets. The meat of these birds has wonderful taste qualities.
Birds are unpretentious in food. But in winter, it is especially necessary to ensure that they receive a lot of vitamins: for this they dry fruits, vegetables and use other vitamin supplements.
Features of the breed:
- birds are large in size, with a long body and strong legs;
- the weight of an adult rooster does not exceed 4 kg, and females - 3.2 kg;
- one chicken carries 150 eggs per year;
- they are very active, so take care of the presence of a large space for birds;
- laying hens do not tolerate high humidity, so you need to ensure that the chicken coop is dry;
- hens are unpretentious in food;
- in the diet of maranas there should be a lot of greens so that their egg production does not decrease;
- so that the eggshell is strong, be sure to use a calcium supplement for chickens.
Important! The eggshell of the maranas is very strong, and care must be taken to ensure that chickens that could not break through on their own do not die. If you observe this situation, help the chicks get out.
Layers have an unusual appearance due to low legs that make them squat. The chickens are quite large: the weight of the rooster reaches 3 kg, and the laying hens - 2 kg. One chicken can lay 310 eggs per year, which is a very high rate.
Chickens are grown on many farms. Layers stand out among other breeds with black feathers. They carry 300 eggs per year. Upon reaching the age of two, the egg production of individuals decreases, then the laying hens are sent for slaughter. It is worth noting that chickens have a fairly large weight: a rooster weighs 4 kg, and a chicken - 3 kg.
Did you know? This breed was developed back in 1890 in Australia. Then it became popular in America, and eventually over the world. The name of the breed came from the mainland on which it appeared. Layers quickly get used to new climatic conditions. The chicken coop should be warm, without drafts. It is important to provide the chickens with good ventilation - this will prevent the appearance of various bacteria in the house.
We recommend that you learn more about the Australorp chickens.
Chickens are beautiful in appearance due to their cuckoo plumage. They are large in size, wide in the chest, with a long neck. The weight of the rooster is 4.5 kg, and the chicken is 3.5 kg. Egg production - 180 eggs per year.
These chickens are characterized by high survival. They quickly adapt to new conditions and are calm in nature, so layers can be kept in the same room with other breeds. Due to its unpretentiousness, this breed is most often recommended to grow for beginner poultry farmers.
Check out the more advanced features of Amrox chickens.
You need to monitor the balanced diet of chickens. Fill the diet of laying hens with vitamins (include greens, fish oil, dairy products, etc.), and this will positively affect the egg production and appearance of the birds.
It is the oldest breed in Europe. Its representatives are tall and large, they are characterized by a rusty-grouse coloring of plumage. In the first year of life, they carry 160 eggs, then the egg production drops to 120 eggs per year. The eggshell is unusual - rough, dark red-brown shades.
Hens Welsumer are calm. They easily get along with representatives of other breeds. Thanks to calm and non-bullying, they can be accustomed to hands.
Hens have a beautiful color. Layers are striped-motley, and roosters are white with dark spots along the body.
Learn more about the features of breeding Pushkin chickens.
The weight of the birds is small: males - 3 kg, and females - 2 kg. Chickens carry from 220 to 290 eggs per year, starting from 5.5 months. The level of egg production depends on the amount of vitamins in their diet. It should consist of herbs, vegetables, chalk, vitamin supplements.
Important! In order to avoid conflicts among birds, make sure that the herd has such a sexual ratio - 1 rooster per 25 chickens. In no case do not keep more cocks for so many layers.
The birds are very beautiful in appearance: they are stately and voluminous due to the magnificent plumage. Roosters have a long neck and tail, which makes them more magnificent. The black neck and tail contrast sharply with the white torso.
The weight of the birds is small: roosters reach 2.2 kg, and laying hens - 2 kg. The egg production rate is 180 eggs per year; under improved conditions, it can increase. These chickens need to provide a lot of space for walking. They can walk in the heat and in frost, because they tolerate temperature changes well.
We advise you to learn about the features of breeding chickens Lakenfelder.
Important! Lakenfelder chickens are very rare in farms, in addition, it is more difficult to care for them than for laying hens of other breeds. Therefore, it is better for novice breeders to pause with this rare breed and first try their hand at breeding more undemanding chickens.
Breeding of chicken meat and egg breeds
To breed laying hens of meat and egg breeds, you need to know the following provisions:
- they begin to lay eggs early (aged 4–5 months);
- most breeds are small in weight, but their meat is very tasty, which is appreciated by gourmets;
- the poultry diet should include a sufficient amount of vitamins so that its egg production does not decrease;
- chickens should have free access to fresh water;
- you need to take care of a warm house without drafts, with straw bedding. It must be kept dry, clean and avoid excessive humidity;
- laying layers of these breeds have high immunity, therefore, chickens have almost one hundred percent survival;
- if you are a novice breeder, first breed more undemanding chickens to gain experience in this matter;
- Allow enough space for all the hens to walk. It is an additional source of vitamins for poultry.