The best varieties of stunted tomatoes for greenhouses

Many gardeners prefer undersized tomato varieties only because after the appearance of 5-7 inflorescences, the plant stops growing and abundantly bears fruit. For a short ripening period, the tops of the leaves do not have time to become infected with late blight, even with adverse external factors. What hybrids are preferable for greenhouse cultivation and what are their advantages, learn further from the article.

Advantages and disadvantages of undersized tomato varieties

  • Determinant (that is, having limited growth) tomato varieties compares favorably with tall ones:
  • early fruit ripening;
  • simultaneous and abundant fruiting;
  • high productivity;
  • good taste;
  • resistance to pathogenic environment and ease of care;
  • unpretentiousness to growing conditions;
  • the compactness of the bush, which allows you to apply any agricultural technology growing.

Despite the numerous advantages of undersized tomatoes, vegetable growers emit some hybrids, which tend to build stepchildren. In turn, this feature negatively affects the quantity and quality of fruits, therefore, timely human intervention is required, which complicates care.

Basic rules for choosing a variety

High-quality planting material is the key to a high yield. However, successful vegetable growers do not limit the choice of tomato varieties to the purchase of their favorite seeds in a specialized store. In order for the resources spent to bring the expected result, it is important to initially analyze the varietal characteristics of the culture, as well as their compliance with the conditions of your greenhouse. After all, each structure, depending on the material, heating and ventilation systems, differs in temperature, humidity and soil. Did you know? Afraid of poisoning with tomatoes, Europeans cultivated them for a long time as a garden culture, and the fact that George Washington tried to poison a tomato dish even entered American history . Experts advise when choosing tomato varieties to pay attention to:

  1. Productivity Subject to the agrotechnical rules indoors, it is quite possible to collect up to 15 kg of fruit from 1 m². Along with the quality of the soil, climatic conditions and care, this indicator is also affected by the breeding characteristics of the plant. In this aspect, F1 hybrids are preferred that are distinguished by the preservation of dominant parental traits.
  2. The size of the fruit . The choice depends on the purpose of cultivation. Large-fruited specimens are more suitable for canned food in crushed form. Varieties with medium and small fruits are mainly used for whole preservation.
  3. Species type of bush . Tall (indeterminate) hybrids are beneficial in that they bear fruit throughout the season, and the crop from their tops does not grow smaller. However, caring for vegetables of this species is very troublesome, requires timely pinching and pinching. Low-growing (determinant) varieties are planted in order to obtain a simultaneous early crop.

  4. Disease resistance . Since all greenhouses are a closed space, where there are often problems with dampness, ventilation, inappropriate temperature and its sudden changes, varieties with increased immunity are preferred.
  5. Ripening dates . Agricultural practice proves that during the season about 3 crops can be harvested from tomato bushes. With the competent purchase of early, mid-ripening and late hybrids, you can provide yourself with fresh tomatoes until winter.
  6. Keeping and transportability of fruits . In this aspect F1 hybrids well proved. When choosing, it is worth considering that most varieties of this series have low taste.
  7. Features of the greenhouse . Summer designs made of cellular polycarbonate are considered cold, so it is better for them to choose more resistant as well as early ripening varieties. For winter polycarbonate rooms where heating is provided, hybrid varieties with a short growing season will be relevant.
Important! Dampness is fraught for tomatoes with the appearance of Drosophila, eating rotten decomposition .

The best undersized varieties of tomatoes for greenhouses

Determinant tomatoes are in great demand among owners of low shelters without heating. Here is a list of promising varieties, as well as their characteristics.

Early ripening

Most undersized tomatoes have early ripening. This feature allows the grower to harvest the first crop in early June. This variety is especially suitable for cultivation in regions with a short summer.

The best, according to experienced gardeners, the following varieties are recognized:

  • “Cameo” - a neat, medium-branched bush grows up to half a meter high, red oval fruits weighing about 60 g ripen 90–95 days after sowing the seeds, are distinguished by fleshy, juicy pulp;

  • “F1 Doll” - develop stems up to 1 m and 85 days after planting give a plentiful harvest, the fruits are round with a small amount of seed inside;

  • “White filling” - characterized by powerful tops and red round fruits weighing about 50 g, which ripen after 93 days;

  • “Rocket” - yields a crop 82 days after emergence, the fruits are small in size, of a regular oval shape;

  • “Friend F1” - develops up to 70 cm, semicircular red, slightly ribbed tomatoes weighing about 90 g ripen 95-100 days after sowing, the crop is juicy and has an excellent taste.


The peculiarity of this category of tomatoes is that pollen from stamen anthers randomly enters the flower pistil. To increase the amount of ovary formed, experts advise to help the plants by shaking the stems or using a fan. Did you know? Tomatoes began to be eaten only after the retired Colonel Robert Johnson, having lost faith in the justice of American justice, tried to poison himself by eating a bucket of ripe fruit. This type of determinant varieties includes:

  • "Riddle" - the crop on half-meter bushes ripens in 82–88 days, around the end of the first decade of June, the fruits are tasty, fleshy, weigh about 50 g;

  • “Pink honey” - develops stems about 70 cm high, bears fruit in 110–115 days, is characterized by poor resistance to diseases;

  • “Ballerina” - a standard bush grows up to 60 cm, no more than 6 brushes are formed on a powerful trunk, fruiting begins after 105 days, red tomatoes are pepper-shaped, high density, with thin skin and pleasant taste;

  • "Eleanor" - round, red fruits weighing 80–90 g ripen in 97–100 days, the bush grows no more than 1 m;

  • "Seagull" - the growing season of a half-meter bush lasts no more than 98 days, the fruits are round, slightly flattened, red in color, weighing about 80 g, the plant is resistant to disease.

Large fruited

Tomatoes of this variety are characterized by fleshy flesh and specific sugar content. They are advantageous for their versatility, but due to the large size of the fruits are not suitable for pickling and pickling. Also find out what to do to make the tomatoes in the greenhouse blush faster. The best, according to consumer reviews, are:

  • "Paradise" - characterized by pink round-shaped fruits with medium density and delicate skin, weighing 125-200 g;

  • The Hermitage is a medium-yielding variety whose rounded red fruits weigh about 125 g;

  • "Native" - different potato-shaped bright raspberry tomatoes, they weigh about 180 g, suitable for consumption in the form of fresh salads and canned food;

  • "Igranda" is a high-yielding hybrid, compares favorably with its unpretentiousness and resistance to most diseases of solanaceous crops, has a sweet-tasting, aromatic fruits with a flat-round shape with a maximum weight of 120 g;

  • “Crimean rose” - gives from each m² up to 7 kg of the crop, the fruits are characterized by a pear-shaped, average size, weighing up to 120 g, saturated pink-red color and a greenish spot on the stalk.

High yielding

The amount of harvest depends on the microclimate of the greenhouse and the characteristics of the care of the plants. But breeders took care of the genetic predisposition of some varieties to high fruiting. Important! To harvest from mid-season semi-determinant tomatoes, timely pinching is necessary. If the procedure is carried out on a determinant type, the plant will begin to bear fruit early and together. Among those are popular:

  • “Olya F1” - about 15 brushes are formed on a low bush, on which about 25 kg of fruits ripen with an average weight of 100–120 g, the crop has a sweet and sour taste, dense skin and juicy pulp;

  • "Raja" - an early ripe, large-fruited variety, the fruits are characterized by red color, rounded shape, sweet taste, dense fleshy flesh, average weight 200-300 g, about 1 kg of crop can be harvested from 1 m²;

  • “Pink honey” - tomatoes are pink in color, average weight of about 600-800 g, heart-shaped and sweet taste, the yield of the variety can reach more than 6 kg from the bush;

  • "Grouse" - characterized by early fruiting, ripe tomatoes have a red color with intermittent yellow stripes, they are characterized by a rounded slightly flattened form, the yield of the variety is within 15 kg;

  • “Golden Domes” - is distinguished by complex brushes on which about 13–15 large yellow-orange fruits are formed weighing up to 800 g of a weakly expressed heart-shaped form, the yield of the variety is 20–25 kg.


You can get a good early harvest from the following varieties:

  • "Agatha" - on a half-meter bush, after 95-100 days, flat-round red vegetables with elastic hard skin and juicy fleshy flesh weighing up to 110 g mature;

  • “Visibly invisible” is a high-yielding variety, characterized by amicable abundant fruiting, tomatoes are dense, oval, red in color, weighing up to 150 g, ripen in early June;

  • “Ladies' fingers” - red cylindrical fruits with a weak ribbing, dense skin and fleshy flesh weighing about 100 g ripen in a 60-centimeter bush in 82–95 days;

  • “Girlish blush” - compares favorably with long fruiting (up to 5 months), characterized by large rounded raspberry fruits, weighing up to 200 g, with good marketability and taste, fruiting occurs 100 days after emergence;

  • "Gina" is a medium-branched variety with a yield of about 10 kg, the vegetative period lasts 110 days, the fruits are oval, dense, juicy, red in color with an average weight of up to 280 g.


Judging by the reviews of experienced gardeners, in this category tomatoes have worked well:

  • "Rio Grande" - a variety of high-yielding, unpretentious, vegetative period lasts 125 days, red small fruits have good taste;

  • “Finish” - the crop ripens in 135 days, the tomatoes weigh about 90 g, differ in rich red color, sweet-sour taste, juicy pulp and very dense skin;

  • “Arabian pink” - characterized by extended fruiting, a vegetative period of 130 days, ripe tomatoes weigh about 300 g, have a heart-shaped, dense pink color, slightly granular flesh;

  • “Rocket” - fruiting occurs after 130 days, the fruits are red, juicy, in shape resemble an elongated oval, weigh about 60 g;

  • “Titan” - the vegetative period lasts 130 days, tomatoes have high taste and marketability, are characterized by a weight of about 120 g, red color, high density and meatiness, no more than 4.5 kg of crop can be removed from one bush.

No stepson

Many novice gardeners find it difficult to identify stepsons, removing foliage instead. Important! If in the greenhouse the air temperature has not warmed up to + 10ºС, then it is recommended to disinfect walls and ceilings with an aqueous solution of laundry soap. And when the thermometer rises higher, mold and fungi from the inner surfaces of the frame should be removed with the Fitosporin preparation . Similar procedures are required to be done with working equipment, drawers, racks. Such actions hinder the development of the bush, therefore, in such situations, the selection of the following tomato varieties will be very appropriate:

  • “Watercolor” - on a small compact bush in 115-120 days elongated fruits ripen with elastic thick skin and juicy pulp;

  • "Red Fang" - a high-yielding, early ripe variety with small red fruits, the vegetative period lasts about 120 days;

  • “Utya” - characterized by abundant friendly fruiting, tomatoes of medium size, rounded in shape with weak ribbing, orange in color;

  • "Krakowyak" is an early ripe variety with small flat-round red salad type tomatoes.

How to form undersized tomatoes in a greenhouse

Determinant varieties are best formed in 2 stems. In this case, the lower foliage is recommended to be removed for ventilation of the root zone. In addition, this will facilitate the watering and top dressing of vegetables.

Varieties that are prone to building stepchildren require their timely removal. Keep in mind that extra shoots never appear on the stems, they need to be looked for in the leaf sinuses. Did you know? A record-high tomato was grown in Wisconsin (USA). The fruit in size resembled an average watermelon and weighed almost 3 kilograms. When greenhouse growing undersized tomatoes, a larger number of abandoned flower brushes is permissible. The microclimate of polycarbonate and other shelters will allow the mature ovary to mature in time.

Bushes that do not require pinching, it is advisable to brighten well and constantly control the moisture level in the soil and the room, otherwise late blight can not be avoided.

The need for the installation of supports and garter can arise only in specimens that develop to a height of 1 m and have thin fragile stems. In this case, in order not to damage the tops, it is advisable to use a soft fabric tourniquet as a garter.

Video: the formation of a bush of undersized tomatoes in a greenhouse

Features of growing and caring for tomatoes

Low-growing tomatoes are advantageous for their undemanding and easy care. If you follow the agrotechnical rules for growing solanaceous crops, a plentiful and high-quality crop is guaranteed.

Watering mode

Excess moisture threatens tomatoes with late blight, and can also provoke the intensive development of tops, which, in turn, will negatively affect fruiting, therefore, waterlogging of the soil should not be allowed on the vegetable garden. The same goes for drought.

So that the plant, increasing unnecessary biomass, does not waste nutrients, it is recommended to water the garden every week for 2-3 times. To avoid burns on the foliage, it is better to do this in the morning. It is advisable to use water at room temperature after daily sedimentation.

We recommend reading how often and how to properly water the tomatoes in the greenhouse.

Fertilizer application

To stimulate a good yield, tomatoes need to be fertilized at least 2-3 times during the growing season. For the first time, this procedure is relevant already on the 10th day after transplanting, the subsequent top dressing should be carried out with a two-week interval. If the bushes grow poorly and form an ovary, additional introduction of complex minerals is required.

All types of tomatoes develop very well after the root application of a solution of chicken droppings or mullein. It is important to observe the measure, since an excess of nitrogen-containing components will provoke violent growth of the bush and poor fruiting.

Important! In spring, when daylight hours last about 13 hours, additionally illuminate the greenhouse. Otherwise, there is a high probability of inhibition in the growth of tomato bushes. Then the first inflorescences will appear not on the 7-8th leaf (as it should be), but on the 13th.

Pest and Disease Control

The slightest violations of growing technology and improper care are fraught with the development of pathogenic microflora and attacks of harmful insects.

All types of tomatoes are more or less sensitive to:

  • late blight;

  • putrefactive infections;

  • anthracnose;

  • mosaic;

  • cancer pathogens;

  • spotting (bacterial and brown).

Diseases can be avoided only if the requirements of the plants are observed and constant control over their development. Treatment is carried out by fungicides ("Maxim", "Barrier", "Hom", "Fundazol").

They like to eat solanaceous juice:

  • Colorado beetles;

  • caterpillars

  • gall nematodes;

  • whiteflies;

  • scoops;

  • spider mites.

    Read more about pests and diseases of tomatoes in the greenhouse.

    Harvest dates

    Depending on the selection features, the ripening time of tomatoes is different. In some, the vegetative period lasts about 82 days, while in others - within 130 days. Also, the size of the fruit, its juiciness, the structure of the pulp, the density of the peel, and, accordingly, the portability and storage methods depend on the variety.

    If you have to deal with early tomatoes, they are often used for raw consumption. Large meaty fruits are processed into juice, adjika, ketchups, and small and medium canned or salted whole.

    When the harvesting period begins, the fruits must be carefully removed from the stems, avoiding cracking and mechanical damage to them. Instances with thick elastic skin can be transported over long distances, while more delicate ones are unsuitable for such manipulations.

    If you want to keep a fresh product until late autumn, you can collect the tomatoes in a box and put it in the cellar, covering it with a warm cloth. Больше пригодны для этого плоды, которые не успели созреть в срок.

    Среди низкорослых помидоров есть множество сортов на любой вкус. Надеемся, наша статья помогла вам определиться с лучшими вариантами.

Interesting Articles