Is beans a protein or a carbohydrate?

Many people who are faced with issues of proper nutrition are interested in: Does string beans are carbohydrates or protein? To find the answer, you should carefully study the composition of the legumes.

The composition, calorie content and nutritional value of beans

Beans is a plant of the legume family, whose homeland is the countries of Central, South America and India. The wide popularity of the culture is due to its rich chemical composition, which is represented by a complex of micro-, macrocells and vitamins.

Among the main components of the product, the most valuable are:

  • B vitamins (B1, B2, B3, B6): normalize the functioning of the nervous, cardiovascular system, improve brain activity, strengthen the walls of blood vessels;
  • Vitamin C (ascorbic acid): increases the protective properties of the body, helps to cope with pathogenic bacteria and pathogenic organisms;
  • Vitamin PP (nicotinic acid): reduces the level of "bad" cholesterol, allows you to convert fat to energy, serves as a prevention of headaches and migraines;
  • Vitamin A: stabilizes the functioning of the organs of vision, improves the condition of the skin, hair and nails, prevents the development of cancer cells;
  • Vitamin E: promotes rapid regeneration of skin cells, rejuvenates, improves mood, protects against the negative effects of free radicals;
  • zinc: positively affects the condition of the skin and hair, contributes to normal sexual development, stabilizes the functions of the nervous system;
  • iron: takes part in hematopoiesis, improves blood composition, enriches blood with oxygen, and prevents the development of anemia;
  • magnesium: normalizes the functioning of the nervous system, has a sedative effect, relieves nervousness, improves sleep;
  • phosphorus: maintains a normal metabolism, takes an active part in the formation of bone tissue;
  • potassium: favorably affects the work of the cardiovascular system, reduces the risk of heart attacks and strokes;
  • chrome: maintains a normal level of sugar in blood serum, strengthens bones, serves as a prophylaxis for many heart ailments;
  • calcium: strengthens bone tissue, promotes normal growth and development of the skeleton, increases the elasticity of muscle tissue.

In addition to these elements, the composition is supplemented with dietary fiber and fiber, organic acids, folic acid.

Beans are considered a natural source of easily digestible vegetable protein and are often used in the diet of vegetarians, athletes, and obese people. The protein content in it is as much as in a good piece of meat.

The nutritional value of green beans is represented by the following components:

  • proteins - 2.0 g;
  • fats - 0.2 g;
  • carbohydrates - 3.6 g.

In addition, beans belong to low-calorie foods, which have only 24 kcal per 100 grams.

Did you know? Residents of Great Britain in a year consume as much beans as the whole world consumes over the same time period.

BZHU in the red representative of legumes is represented by the following indicators:

  • proteins - 21.0 g;
  • fats - 2.0 g;
  • carbohydrates - 46.0 g.

In this case, the calorie content of the product is 100 g 292 kcal.

The energy value of white beans is as follows:

  • proteins - 7.0 g;
  • fats - 0.5 g;
  • carbohydrates - 16.9 g.

The number of calories in the product reaches 102 kcal.

The amazing fact is that during the freezing process the product does not lose its beneficial vitamin and mineral components and contains them in a higher concentration than fresh, due to the loss of fluid during freezing.

Is string bean a protein or carbohydrate?

Of all types of beans, it is siliculose that is the lowest-calorie (24 kcal / 100 g). As for BZHU, the amount of vegetable protein per 100 g is 2 g, and carbohydrates - 3 g. From this we can conclude that green beans are more carbohydrate than protein, however, both of these components are almost the same.

Important! Legumes, due to indigestion by the body of some polysaccharides in their composition, can cause increased gas formation. To prevent this, it is recommended to soak them before cooking in cold water for several hours.

Bean Properties

Due to its rich biological composition, beans have a range of useful qualities that have a beneficial effect on the functioning of all body systems.


Beans refers to dietary and medicinal products that are successfully used for the prevention and treatment of many ailments. It is indicated for use with high blood pressure, atherosclerosis, cardiac arrhythmias and other problems with the cardiovascular system.

Due to the content of ascorbic acid, the product is indicated for colds, reduced immunity. It has a positive effect on the digestive system, normalizes metabolic processes, accelerates metabolism, restores impaired metabolism.

Beans are considered an ideal addition to the menu for those involved in physical activity, sports. It allows you to increase muscle mass, strengthen bone tissue, restore strength after intense training.

One of the unique qualities of beans is the ability to lower blood sugar due to the content of arginine in them - a special substance that synthesizes urea. The use of a decoction of beans allows people with diabetes to control and reduce the level of glucose in the blood serum, which is why the product is one of the basic ingredients in the menu of diabetics.

The beneficial properties of beans extend to the genitourinary system. They help to remove kidney stones, cleanse the body of toxins and harmful substances, activate the production of gastric juice. Beans have a diuretic effect, which allows you to successfully cope with swelling and inflammation of the urinary tract.

Did you know? In ancient times, legumes were used not only for food. Based on them, cosmetics, medicines, decoctions were made. However, his main goal was decorative - decorating fences, houses, gardens.

Regular consumption of this product avoids irritation, depression, normalize night rest. It has a sedative effect, calms the nervous system, copes with neurosis and hysteria. In addition, beans are extremely beneficial for beauty.

Due to the content of zinc in them, they have a positive effect on the condition of the skin, relieve acne and inflammation, strengthen hair, and make the nail plate harder and more elastic.

Nutritionists note that beans, as a valuable dietary product, make it possible to lose extra pounds by cleansing the body, removing toxins and harmful substances from it.

Possible harm

Despite a wide range of positive qualities, for some categories of people, beans can be harmful.

It is recommended to exclude it from the diet for people with:

  • gastritis and peptic ulcer, in the acute stage;
  • colitis, pancreatitis;
  • gout and jade;
  • individual intolerance.

Like all types of legumes, beans cause increased gas formation in the intestines, therefore, for those who suffer from digestive tract disorders, it is necessary to consume a product in limited quantities. Also, you should not combine bean dishes with meat dishes so as not to overload the stomach.

Important! Raw beans should not be consumed, as they contain toxic substances that can cause various health problems. The product must necessarily be subjected to heat treatment for 1-1.5 hours with a large volume of water.

Recommendations for the use of beans

First of all, beans are a tasty, healthy, dietary ingredient that is used as a full-fledged separate product, or as a raw material for preparing various dishes. Beans are used to make soups, snacks, salads, vegetable stews and even desserts. It is considered a great filling for pies or crepes.

Any dish made from this ingredient has a high satiety, therefore it is not recommended to use heavy foods with boiled beans.

Beans are successfully used in traditional medicine and cosmetology. They make nutritious and anti-aging masks, creams, lotions for face and body skin. Decoctions and tinctures from pods and fruits of the culture are used to treat many ailments: tuberculosis, diabetes, hypertension, rheumatism, diseases of the genitourinary system.

Beans, due to the wide range of applications and availability, are in demand in many countries of the world. In addition to the fact that it has excellent taste, allows you to quickly satisfy the feeling of hunger, it is extremely useful, it contains a wide range of active biological substances that can normalize the functioning of many body systems and improve its general condition.

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