Asparagus transplant in autumn

Asparagus is a very tasty and healthy product that can be grown in the garden without difficulty, if certain rules are followed. Culture transplantation is an integral part of its development, therefore, this event requires special attention. How and when it is better to transplant the vegetable to a permanent place, as well as how to take care of the plant in the future, read below.

When is the best time to transplant asparagus

Asparagus is a perennial culture that is characterized by unpretentious care and high winter hardiness. A vegetable can grow on the same site for up to 20 years, while not requiring a transplant to another place.

Familiarize yourself with the methods for growing asparagus.

But, if the gardener wants to plant a crop or improve the fruiting process, it is necessary to transplant the vegetable to a new place. Recently planted plants require an annual change of place of growth to 5 years of age. An adult plant is transplanted every 10 years.

Also, the procedure is carried out if:

  • the area where the vegetable grows has become shaded;
  • a transplant to the greenhouse is necessary to consume a fresh product in winter;
  • the bush is too old, its fruitfulness has decreased significantly.

The procedure for changing the place can be carried out in the spring, when the soil is warmed up to + 5 ° C; by time - this is the period from late March to mid-April. The timing of transplantation in the fall depends on how quickly the aerial part of the plant turns yellow - this is the period from the beginning to the end of October. The main thing is to have time to carry out all the necessary procedures 2-3 weeks before the frost.

How to transplant asparagus

To plant a culture, you first need to select a site, because the plant is perennial and requires increased attention to transplanting to a permanent location. It must be well lit so that the culture can bear fruit abundantly.

Did you know? According to the rules of aristocratic etiquette, asparagus is the only vegetable that can be eaten by hand.

The vegetable landing site should be free of drafts so that pests and fungal spores moving downwind cannot infect the crop. The site is also selected taking into account the occurrence of groundwater, the depth of which should not exceed 1.5 m.

Asparagus is grown on light soils with neutral acidity.

Before transplanting plants to a new place, you need to take care of fertilizer. If planting is carried out in the spring, the soil is enriched with humus in the amount of 10 kg per 1 m². During the autumn planting, fertilizer is added for digging: for 1 m² - 60 g of superphosphate, 30 g of potassium, 20 g of ammonium sulfate.

How to transfer asparagus to another place

To perform the transplantation of one adult plant, you need to prepare a hole measuring 40 cm in depth and 50 in width. Plants are planted at a distance of 30-40 cm from each other and at least 60 cm between rows. For better rooting and culture growth, it is necessary to prepare a soil substrate of 10 kg of land, 10 kg of peat and 10 kg of sand.

Transplanting asparagus to a new place is carried out according to the instructions:

  1. To fill up the middle of the pit soil substrate, forming a mound in the form of a hill.
  2. Introduce the plant into the hole, carefully distributing the rhizome over the embankment.
  3. Add the soil mixture to the top of the hole, making sure that voids do not form in it.
  4. Pour 5 liters of water and loosen the soil near the stem.

Important! When transplanting in the autumn, the plant is slightly dug up to protect it from future frosts.

How to plant asparagus roots

Experienced gardeners recommend planting asparagus roots in the autumn. Material for planting can be obtained in two ways: to purchase in a nursery or to divide the root system of an adult plant grown on the site into several parts.

Instructions for planting by dividing the rhizome:

  1. Immediately before planting in the soil, the roots need to be soaked for 40 minutes in warm water.
  2. Then dig trenches 30 cm deep and 40 cm wide, with a distance between them of 60 cm.
  3. Pour the nutrient mixture to the middle of the soil, peat and sand, taken in a ratio of 1: 1.
  4. Lay rhizomes on a mound of substrate with an interval of 30 cm.
  5. Add to the top of the pit with a substrate.
  6. Pour 5 liters of water.

We recommend that you learn how to prepare asparagus for wintering.

After Asparagus Care

It is necessary to water asparagus as often as possible, but in small volumes. The best option is irrigation every 3-4 days for 3 liters per bush. After each watering and rain, you need to loosen the soil near the stem, which will avoid stagnation of moisture and the formation of mold.

Asparagus needs top dressing, which produce 4 times per season:

  1. The first fertilizer is carried out in mid-May, it is prepared from 1 kg of manure and 5 liters of water. The solution is added in 2 l for each plant.
  2. The second top dressing should be carried out at the end of June. Add 30 g of superphosphate and 30 g of urea for every 1 m² for digging.
  3. At the end of July, the third top dressing of 1 kg of chicken droppings and 5 liters of water. 2 l of solution are used per plant.
  4. The fourth fertilizer is applied for digging in October. You need 60 g of superphosphate for every 1 m².

Important! In autumn, it is necessary to prepare the plant for winter, for this, old, dry or damaged stems are cut off. The area near the stem is mulched with peat.

What happens if you don’t transplant asparagus

If a crop grows for a long time in the same place, over time, its yield decreases or completely ceases. This is due to the fact that over time, the soil on the site is depleted. In addition, due to the growth of the bush, the level of ultraviolet radiation on the plant may decrease, which will negatively affect the development of asparagus and its vitamin composition.

Asparagus is a vegetable crop that has been loved by many gardeners for its decorative appearance and usefulness of fruits. The plant does not need specific care and is easy to transplant. The need for regular transplantation is not an obstacle to growing vegetables, even in small farms.

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